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A dash symbol

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A dash symbol
December 22, 2018 Anniversary Wishes No comments

The most commonly used dashes are em dash (—) and en dash (–). In Kingsoft Writer, these two marks can be inserted easily through inserting symbols.

   
 

 Standard ASCII set, HTML Entity names, ISO 10646, ISO 8879, ISO 8859-1 Latin alphabet No. 1
 Browser support: All browsers


ASCII HTMLHTML 
DecHexSymbolNumberName

32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
2A
2B
2C
2D
2E
2F

!
"
#
$
%
&
'
(
)
*
+
,
-
.
/
 
!
"
#
$
%
&
'
(
)
*
+
,
-
.
/


"



&









space
exclamation point
double quotes
number sign
dollar sign
percent sign
ampersand
single quote
opening parenthesis
closing parenthesis
asterisk
plus sign
comma
minus sign - hyphen
period
slash


ASCII HTMLHTML 
DecHexSymbolNumberName

48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
3A
3B
3C
3D
3E
3F
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
:
;
<
=
>
?
&#48;
&#49;
&#50;
&#51;
&#52;
&#53;
&#54;
&#55;
&#56;
&#57;
&#58;
&#59;
&#60;
&#61;
&#62;
&#63;












&lt;

&gt;

zero
one
two
three
four
five
six
seven
eight
nine
colon
semicolon
less than sign
equal sign
greater than sign
question mark


ASCII HTMLHTML 
DecHexSymbolNumberName

64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
4A
4B
4C
4D
4E
4F
@
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
&#64;
&#65;
&#66;
&#67;
&#68;
&#69;
&#70;
&#71;
&#72;
&#73;
&#74;
&#75;
&#76;
&#77;
&#78;
&#79;
















at symbol

















ASCII HTMLHTML 
DecHexSymbolNumberName

80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
5A
5B
5C
5D
5E
5F
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
[
\
]
^
_
&#80;
&#81;
&#82;
&#83;
&#84;
&#85;
&#86;
&#87;
&#88;
&#89;
&#90;
&#91;
&#92;
&#93;
&#94;
&#95;



























opening bracket
backslash
closing bracket
caret - circumflex
underscore


ASCII HTMLHTML 
DecHexSymbolNumberName

96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
6A
6B
6C
6D
6E
6F
`
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
m
n
o
&#96;
&#97;
&#98;
&#99;
&#100;
&#101;
&#102;
&#103;
&#104;
&#105;
&#106;
&#107;
&#108;
&#109;
&#110;
&#111;
















grave accent

















ASCII HTMLHTML 
DecHexSymbolNumberName

112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
7A
7B
7C
7D
7E
7F
p
q
r
s
t
u
v
w
x
y
z
{
|
}
~

&#112;
&#113;
&#114;
&#115;
&#116;
&#117;
&#118;
&#119;
&#120;
&#121;
&#122;
&#123;
&#124;
&#125;
&#126;




























opening brace
vertical bar
closing brace
equivalency sign - tilde
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)


ASCII HTMLHTML 
DecHexSymbolNumberName

128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
8A
8B
8C
8D
8E
8F
















































(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)


ASCII HTMLHTML 
DecHexSymbolNumberName

144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
9A
9B
9C
9D
9E
9F
















































(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)
(not defined in HTML 4 standard)


ASCII HTMLHTML 
DecHexSymbolNumberName

160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
A0
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
A9
AA
AB
AC
AD
AE
AF
 
¡
¢
£
¤
¥
¦
§
¨
©
ª
«
¬
­
®
¯
&#160;
&#161;
&#162;
&#163;
&#164;
&#165;
&#166;
&#167;
&#168;
&#169;
&#170;
&#171;
&#172;
&#173;
&#174;
&#175;
&nbsp;
&iexcl;
&cent;
&pound;
&curren;
&yen;
&brvbar;
&sect;
&uml;
&copy;
&ordf;
&laquo;
&not;
&shy;
&reg;
&macr;
non-breaking space
inverted exclamation mark
cent sign
pound sign
currency sign
yen sign
broken vertical bar
section sign
spacing diaeresis - umlaut
copyright sign
feminine ordinal indicator
left double angle quotes
not sign
soft hyphen
registered trade mark sign
spacing macron - overline


ASCII HTMLHTML 
DecHexSymbolNumberName

176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
B0
B1
B2
B3
B4
B5
B6
B7
B8
B9
BA
BB
BC
BD
BE
BF
°
±
²
³
´
µ

·
¸
¹
º
»
¼
½
¾
¿
&#176;
&#177;
&#178;
&#179;
&#180;
&#181;
&#182;
&#183;
&#184;
&#185;
&#186;
&#187;
&#188;
&#189;
&#190;
&#191;
&deg;
&plusmn;
&sup2;
&sup3;
&acute;
&micro;
&para;
&middot;
&cedil;
&sup1;
&ordm;
&raquo;
&frac14;
&frac12;
&frac34;
&iquest;
degree sign
plus-or-minus sign
superscript two - squared
superscript three - cubed
acute accent - spacing acute
micro sign
pilcrow sign - paragraph sign
middle dot - Georgian comma
spacing cedilla
superscript one
masculine ordinal indicator
right double angle quotes
fraction one quarter
fraction one half
fraction three quarters
inverted question mark


ASCII HTMLHTML 
DecHexSymbolNumberName

192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
C0
C1
C2
C3
C4
C5
C6
C7
C8
C9
CA
CB
CC
CD
CE
CF
À
Á
Â
Ã
Ä
Å
Æ
Ç
È
É
Ê
Ë
Ì
Í
Î
Ï
&#192;
&#193;
&#194;
&#195;
&#196;
&#197;
&#198;
&#199;
&#200;
&#201;
&#202;
&#203;
&#204;
&#205;
&#206;
&#207;
&Agrave;
&Aacute;
&Acirc;
&Atilde;
&Auml;
&Aring;
&AElig;
&Ccedil;
&Egrave;
&Eacute;
&Ecirc;
&Euml;
&Igrave;
&Iacute;
&Icirc;
&Iuml;
latin capital letter A with grave
latin capital letter A with acute
latin capital letter A with circumflex
latin capital letter A with tilde
latin capital letter A with diaeresis
latin capital letter A with ring above
latin capital letter AE
latin capital letter C with cedilla
latin capital letter E with grave
latin capital letter E with acute
latin capital letter E with circumflex
latin capital letter E with diaeresis
latin capital letter I with grave
latin capital letter I with acute
latin capital letter I with circumflex
latin capital letter I with diaeresis


ASCII HTMLHTML 
DecHexSymbolNumberName

208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
D8
D9
DA
DB
DC
DD
DE
DF
Ð
Ñ
Ò
Ó
Ô
Õ
Ö
×
Ø
Ù
Ú
Û
Ü
Ý
Þ
ß
&#208;
&#209;
&#210;
&#211;
&#212;
&#213;
&#214;
&#215;
&#216;
&#217;
&#218;
&#219;
&#220;
&#221;
&#222;
&#223;
&ETH;
&Ntilde;
&Ograve;
&Oacute;
&Ocirc;
&Otilde;
&Ouml;
&times;
&Oslash;
&Ugrave;
&Uacute;
&Ucirc;
&Uuml;
&Yacute;
&THORN;
&szlig;
latin capital letter ETH
latin capital letter N with tilde
latin capital letter O with grave
latin capital letter O with acute
latin capital letter O with circumflex
latin capital letter O with tilde
latin capital letter O with diaeresis
multiplication sign
latin capital letter O with slash
latin capital letter U with grave
latin capital letter U with acute
latin capital letter U with circumflex
latin capital letter U with diaeresis
latin capital letter Y with acute
latin capital letter THORN
latin small letter sharp s - ess-zed


ASCII HTMLHTML 
DecHexSymbolNumberName

224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
E0
E1
E2
E3
E4
E5
E6
E7
E8
E9
EA
EB
EC
ED
EE
EF
à
á
â
ã
ä
å
æ
ç
è
é
ê
ë
ì
í
î
ï
&#224;
&#225;
&#226;
&#227;
&#228;
&#229;
&#230;
&#231;
&#232;
&#233;
&#234;
&#235;
&#236;
&#237;
&#238;
&#239;
&agrave;
&aacute;
&acirc;
&atilde;
&auml;
&aring;
&aelig;
&ccedil;
&egrave;
&eacute;
&ecirc;
&euml;
&igrave;
&iacute;
&icirc;
&iuml;
latin small letter a with grave
latin small letter a with acute
latin small letter a with circumflex
latin small letter a with tilde
latin small letter a with diaeresis
latin small letter a with ring above
latin small letter ae
latin small letter c with cedilla
latin small letter e with grave
latin small letter e with acute
latin small letter e with circumflex
latin small letter e with diaeresis
latin small letter i with grave
latin small letter i with acute
latin small letter i with circumflex
latin small letter i with diaeresis


ASCII HTMLHTML 
DecHexSymbolNumberName

240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
F0
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
F7
F8
F9
FA
FB
FC
FD
FE
FF
ð
ñ
ò
ó
ô
õ
ö
÷
ø
ù
ú
û
ü
ý
þ
ÿ
&#240;
&#241;
&#242;
&#243;
&#244;
&#245;
&#246;
&#247;
&#248;
&#249;
&#250;
&#251;
&#252;
&#253;
&#254;
&#255;
&eth;
&ntilde;
&ograve;
&oacute;
&ocirc;
&otilde;
&ouml;
&divide;
&oslash;
&ugrave;
&uacute;
&ucirc;
&uuml;
&yacute;
&thorn;
&yuml;
latin small letter eth
latin small letter n with tilde
latin small letter o with grave
latin small letter o with acute
latin small letter o with circumflex
latin small letter o with tilde
latin small letter o with diaeresis
division sign
latin small letter o with slash
latin small letter u with grave
latin small letter u with acute
latin small letter u with circumflex
latin small letter u with diaeresis
latin small letter y with acute
latin small letter thorn
latin small letter y with diaeresis


 HTML 4.01, ISO 10646, ISO 8879, Latin extended A and B,
 Browser support: Internet Explorer > 4, Netscape > 4


  HTMLHTML 
DecHexSymbolNumberName

338
339
352
353
376
402
152
153
160
161
178
192
Œ
œ
Š
š
Ÿ
ƒ
&#338;
&#339;
&#352;
&#353;
&#376;
&#402;






latin capital letter OE
latin small letter oe
latin capital letter S with caron
latin small letter s with caron
latin capital letter Y with diaeresis
latin small f with hook - function


  HTMLHTML 
DecHexSymbolNumberName

8211
8212
8216
8217
8218
8220
8221
8222
8224
8225
8226
8230
8240
8364
8482
2013
2014
2018
2019
201A
201C
201D
201E
2020
2021
2022
2026
2030
20AC
2122















&#8211;
&#8212;
&#8216;
&#8217;
&#8218;
&#8220;
&#8221;
&#8222;
&#8224;
&#8225;
&#8226;
&#8230;
&#8240;
&#8364;
&#8482;













&euro;

en dash
em dash
left single quotation mark
right single quotation mark
single low-9 quotation mark
left double quotation mark
right double quotation mark
double low-9 quotation mark
dagger
double dagger
bullet
horizontal ellipsis
per thousand sign
euro sign
trade mark sign

 


Synchronizing dashes on polygon outlines; Synchronizing markers with dashes; Making a dash-dot-dot line symbol; Making a dashed dash line symbol; Making.

12 Signs and Symbols You Should Know

a dash symbol

UTF-8 General Punctuation

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Range: Decimal 8192-8303. Hex 2000-206F.

If you want any of these characters displayed in HTML, you can use the HTML entity found in the table below.

If the character does not have an HTML entity, you can use the decimal (dec) or hexadecimal (hex) reference.

Example

<p>I will display &permil;</p>
<p>I will display &#8240;</p>
<p>I will display &#x2030;</p>

Will display as:

I will display ‰

I will display ‰

I will display ‰

Try it Yourself »

Older browsers may not support all the HTML5 entities in the table below.
Chrome has good support. But (currently) only IE 11+ and Firefox 35+ support all the entities.

CharDecHexEntityName
 81922000 EN QUAD
81932001 EM QUAD
81942002&ensp;EN SPACE
81952003&emsp;EM SPACE
81962004 THREE-PER-EM SPACE
81972005 FOUR-PER-EM SPACE
81982006 SIX-PER-EM SPACE
81992007 FIGURE SPACE
82002008 PUNCTUATION SPACE
82012009&thinsp;THIN SPACE
8202200A HAIR SPACE
8203200B ZERO WIDTH SPACE
8204200C&zwnj;ZERO WIDTH NON-JOINER
8205200D&zwj;ZERO WIDTH JOINER
8206200E&lrm;LEFT-TO-RIGHT MARK
8207200F&rlm;RIGHT-TO-LEFT MARK
82082010 HYPHEN
82092011 NON-BREAKING HYPHEN
82102012 FIGURE DASH
82112013&ndash;EN DASH
82122014&mdash;EM DASH
82132015 HORIZONTAL BAR
82142016 DOUBLE VERTICAL LINE
82152017 DOUBLE LOW LINE
82162018&lsquo;LEFT SINGLE QUOTATION MARK
82172019&rsquo;RIGHT SINGLE QUOTATION MARK
8218201A&sbquo;SINGLE LOW-9 QUOTATION MARK
8219201B SINGLE HIGH-REVERSED-9 QUOTATION MARK
8220201C&ldquo;LEFT DOUBLE QUOTATION MARK
8221201D&rdquo;RIGHT DOUBLE QUOTATION MARK
8222201E&bdquo;DOUBLE LOW-9 QUOTATION MARK
8223201F DOUBLE HIGH-REVERSED-9 QUOTATION MARK
82242020&dagger;DAGGER
82252021&Dagger;DOUBLE DAGGER
82262022&bull;BULLET
82272023 TRIANGULAR BULLET
82282024 ONE DOT LEADER
82292025 TWO DOT LEADER
82302026&hellip;HORIZONTAL ELLIPSIS
82312027 HYPHENATION POINT
82322028 LINE SEPARATOR
82332029 PARAGRAPH SEPARATOR
8234202A LEFT-TO-RIGHT EMBEDDING
8235202B RIGHT-TO-LEFT EMBEDDING
8236202C POP DIRECTIONAL FORMATTING
8237202D LEFT-TO-RIGHT OVERRIDE
8238202E RIGHT-TO-LEFT OVERRIDE
8239202F NARROW NON-BREAK SPACE
82402030&permil;PER MILLE SIGN
82412031 PER TEN THOUSAND SIGN
82422032&prime;PRIME
82432033&Prime;DOUBLE PRIME
82442034 TRIPLE PRIME
82452035 REVERSED PRIME
82462036 REVERSED DOUBLE PRIME
82472037 REVERSED TRIPLE PRIME
82482038 CARET
82492039&lsaquo;SINGLE LEFT-POINTING ANGLE QUOTATION MARK
8250203A&rsaquo;SINGLE RIGHT-POINTING ANGLE QUOTATION MARK
8251203B REFERENCE MARK
8252203C DOUBLE EXCLAMATION MARK
8253203D INTERROBANG
8254203E&oline;OVERLINE
8255203F UNDERTIE
82562040 CHARACTER TIE
82572041 CARET INSERTION POINT
82582042 ASTERISM
82592043 HYPHEN BULLET
82602044&frasl;FRACTION SLASH
82612045 LEFT SQUARE BRACKET WITH QUILL
82622046 RIGHT SQUARE BRACKET WITH QUILL
82632047 DOUBLE QUESTION MARK
82642048 QUESTION EXCLAMATION MARK
82652049 EXCLAMATION QUESTION MARK
8266204A TIRONIAN SIGN ET
8267204B REVERSED PILCROW SIGN
8268204C BLACK LEFTWARDS BULLET
8269204D BLACK RIGHTWARDS BULLET
8270204E LOW ASTERISK
8271204F REVERSED SEMICOLON
82722050 CLOSE UP
82732051 TWO ASTERISKS ALIGNED VERTICALLY
82742052 COMMERCIAL MINUS SIGN
82752053 SWUNG DASH
82762054 INVERTED UNDERTIE
82772055 FLOWER PUNCTUATION MARK
82782056 THREE DOT PUNCTUATION
82792057 QUADRUPLE PRIME
82802058 FOUR DOT PUNCTUATION
82812059 FIVE DOT PUNCTUATION
8282205A TWO DOT PUNCTUATION
8283205B FOUR DOT MARK
8284205C DOTTED CROSS
8285205D TRICOLON
8286205E VERTICAL FOUR DOTS
8287205F MEDIUM MATHEMATICAL SPACE
82882060 WORD JOINER
82892061 FUNCTION APPLICATION
82902062 INVISIBLE TIMES
82912063 INVISIBLE SEPARATOR
82922064 INVISIBLE PLUS
82942066 LEFT-TO-RIGHT ISOLATE
82952067 RIGHT-TO-LEFT ISOLATE
82962068 FIRST STRONG ISOLATE
82972069 POP DIRECTIONAL ISOLATE
8298206A INHIBIT SYMMETRIC SWAPPING
8299206B ACTIVATE SYMMETRIC SWAPPING
8300206C INHIBIT ARABIC FORM SHAPING
8301206D ACTIVATE ARABIC FORM SHAPING
8302206E NATIONAL DIGIT SHAPES
8303206F NOMINAL DIGIT SHAPES


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Dashes and hyphens

a dash symbol

A reader asked about the difference between a minus symbol and an N-dash (thanks Tem).  I had to do a bit of homework on this.

Unicode (the standard for electronically encoding text information) has separate codes for the minus sign, hyphen and N-dash.

Below you can compare…

Symbol
hyphen
minus sign
N-dash
M-dash



f-f
f−f
f–f
f—f

To look closely at the differences, use ‘Ctrl’ and spin your mouse wheel to zoom in/out on most browsers, or just zoom in with your fingers on a tablet.

If you want to insert a ‘proper’ minus sign in Word, here’s how: 

Go to ‘insert’ / ‘symbol’ / ‘more symbols’. This opens a tool showing all of the characters for every font on your computer.  It would be very hard to pick the right symbol from the map, but in the field ‘character code’ you can enter a code that finds the right one…

SymbolUnicode
hyphen
minus sign
N-dash
M-dash



f-f
f−f
f–f
f—f
002D or 2010
2212
2013
2014

Only an obsessive typography freak could tell whether you used a minus sign or an N-dash.  Here’s how: The minus sign is slightly thinner and has a sliver of space between itself and the adjacent characters.

Please note: These characters are rendered very differently on different devices. I’ve viewed this page on some tablets where, in the table above, the symbols all look the same. Very disappointing. On my PC in Chrome or Firefox, the minus sign looks a wee bit shorter than the n-dash. But in the WordPress editor the minus sign looks 50% longer than the n-dash! This probably illustrates software inconsistencies – which might suggest it is pointless to obsess about the pixel-level differences between the various options for Unicode minus signs.

Can I use a hyphen as a minus sign?

Sure, but it isn’t ideal.  Note that the hyphen is a bit lower-down on the line of text than the minus sign and the dashes, plus it is very short – it looks too low and too small when used in mathematical expressions.

More information about dashes:

When to use the hyphen, dash, n-dash and m-dash

Insert an n-dash or m-dash on a web page or blog

Quickly insert an n-dash or m-dash in Microsoft Word

By Mister PunctualFiled Under: Hyphen, M-dash, N-dash, Punctuation On The WebTagged With: minus sign, minus symbol, subtraction symbol

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Toyota Corolla Dashboard Light Guide

a dash symbol

Hyphen

Updated: 06/22/2018 by Computer Hope

Alternatively referred to as a dash, subtract, negative, or minus sign, the hyphen ( - ) is a punctuation mark found on the underscore key next to the "0" key on US keyboards. In the picture to the right, is an example of the hyphen and underscore key on top of the keyboard.

Where is the hyphen key on the keyboard?

Below is an overview of a computer keyboard with the hyphen highlighted in blue on the main keyboard as well as the numeric keypad.

How to create the hyphen symbol

Creating the "-" symbol on a U.S. keyboard

To create a hyphen using a U.S. keyboard press the hyphen key, which is on the same key as the underscore ( _ ) and to the right of the zero key.

Tip

The hyphen is easier to use on the numeric keypad with math formulas.

Creating the "-" symbol on a smartphone or tablet

To create a hyphen on a smartphone or tablet open the keyboard and go into the numbers (123) or symbols (sym) section and then press your finger on the '-' symbol.

What is a hyphen used for on a computer?

With computers, the hyphen is commonly used in programming and mathematics to subtract one number from another. The following sections contain some examples of how a hyphen is used.

Hyphen in a math formula

In a math formula, a hyphen is used to represent a subtraction (minus). For example, in the below formula you can see that 2 <minus> 1 is equal to 1.

2 - 1 = 1

Hyphen in word processors

In many word processors, an optional hyphen or hyphenation is automatically inserted when a word is cut off by the program because it has reached the end of a line. When formatting marks are enabled, these hyphens are represented with the conditional hyphen mark. A hyphen can also be used to create an en dash and em dash in many word processors by doing two or three hyphens next to each other.

Hyphen in a search

With Internet search engines, the hyphen is used as a boolean operator that tells the search not to include a result. For example, if you used the below search, the search engine would return results containing "free," "computer," and "help" but would not return any results containing "expensive."

free computer help -expensive

A hyphen in English

Hyphens are used in some compound words as a way to make the word easier to read as well as help clarify words that are used together. For examples to-do, merry-go-round, high-risk, T-shirt, and sixty-six are all words with hyphens. See the when should I hyphenate words section for further information.

Other places with the minus symbol

A minus symbol or a horizontal line is a symbol used as an indication for a decrease, remove, move up, or zoom out on software programs and hardware devices. In Microsoft Windows, the minus or underscore is also shown in the top-right side of a window to represent the minimize feature.

When should I hyphenate words?

Hyphens are used in some compound words (connected words) as a way to make the word easier to read as well as help clarify words that are used together. For examples to-do, merry-go-round, high-risk, T-shirt, and sixty-six are all words with hyphens. Below are some of the most common rules of hyphenation. Keep in mind many rules only apply in certain circumstances and that this list of rules is far from complete.

  1. Hyphenate two or more words that act as a new word or has a new meaning when connected. For example, "know-how" has a different meaning than "know" and "how."
  2. Hyphenate words that act together to modify the following word. For example, "full-scale" modifies "test" in "full-scale test." However, do not hyphenate connected words that act as adjectives.
  3. Do not hyphenate connected words if the first word ends with "ly."
  4. Use a hyphen when writing a compound number. For example, "eighty-two" and "twenty-two" are both compound numbers that need a hyphen.
  5. When writing a word with a prefix avoid using hyphens in most situations.
  6. Always use a hyphenation when splitting a word at the end of a line.

Em dash, En dash, Hyphenation, Keyboard terms, Plus

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