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Sample of business letter expressing heart and desire to change a bad neighborhood

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Sample of business letter expressing heart and desire to change a bad neighborhood
September 10, 2018 Anniversary Wishes 1 comment

If you are writing your cover letter in order to apply for your dream job, The first thing you want to do is to get your potential employer impressed, not annoyed. and different – something that will clearly express the value you are offering. . Some other examples of opening lines following this rule are.

Fax Numbers to Congress

Table of Contents

With the advent of 24 hour news and viral social media links, many Americans are exposed to the governmental process on a daily basis. But sometimes sharing links and signing petitions is not enough. To really make sure your voice is heard, you must directly contact your representatives in Congress.

We hope this map provides a much easier way to find and contact your representatives so you can play a vitally important role in the law-making process.

Guidelines and Tips for Contacting Congress

Why Fax Your Representatives?

Faxing seems so outdated, so why do we recommend it?

There are problems with every other form of contact. E-mails are the easiest way to go, so they flood congressional inboxes 24/7. Your e-mail could easily be overlooked or quickly forgotten. Once your e-mail is bumped off the top of the first page, it’s quickly “out of sight, out of mind.” The staffer or congressman may never even get past the subject line. (If you do decide to e-mail, keep in mind that the best time to send an e-mail is Thursday between 8 and 9 a.m. The worst time to send an e-mail is Tuesday and Wednesday from 8 to 10 a.m.)

Phone calls are another popular option, but there’s no real record of your statement for your congressman to see. Phone calls are answered by assistants, often temporary college interns, who won’t be able to write down every thought or argument you make. Instead, they’re usually advised to simply keep a tally of the “For” and “Against” phone calls.

Sending a letter through “snail mail” is still fairly common, but letters can take a long time to arrive at the right office. Letters by mail can spend weeks in a universal receiving department being carefully screened and sorted. By then, it could be too late for your voice to make a difference. Even if it arrives before the vote, your congressman likely won’t see the letter directly because of the threat of anthrax and other deadly contaminants.

Faxes, on the other hand, solve all of these problems. They are as instantaneous as an e-mail without the same popularity and non-hard copy format that gets your message lost in the shuffle. You can write a fax in paragraph form so, unlike a phone call, you get across all of your thoughts. Also sending an email fax pose no security risk like snail mail, so your congressman can hold a hard copy of your letter to leave a more concrete impression. Check here to read our article on how to send a fax near you.

Know Who You’re Writing

You don’t always have to write your own representatives. There may be times where it’s worth writing a Congressperson or Senator from another district or state.

If you have issues that are very important to you, keep tabs on any Congressional action. Here you can find a list of every bill introduced in the House along with its current status. You can find bills that have not yet passed the House, which means you’ll want to write your House Representative. Bills that have passed the House will then go to the Senate, so for those you’ll want to write both of your state’s Senators.

You’ll also find bills that have been referred to a committee. There are different committees in both the House and the Senate that are dedicated to different public issues from agriculture to veterans’ affairs. (You can see a list of these committees on Congress.gov.) These committees are made up of congress members and have a chair and several sitting members. Together, they hold public hearings to gather more information on any bills referred to them as well as on the oversight and management of any agencies or programs that fall within their topic. If you’ve ever seen video footage of experts or lobbyists testifying before Congress, you have seen a public committee hearing.

If a bill that interests you is in committee (or if you know the committee oversees an issue important to you), you will want to find out who the chairman and other sitting members are. Then you will address a separate letter and fax directly to each of them individually. You may not need to change anything but the salutation and address on the letter for each member you write.

How to Address Your Letter

There is a specific order in which to write the addressing information. You’ll also want to refer to your congressman with the title “The Honorable” in this block of text.

Start with the date in the upper left hand corner of the page.

Underneath that, the address information is listed in the following format:

The Honorable (Insert Full Name of Congressman)
(Room #) (Name of Building) (Senate or House) Office Building
United States (Senate or House of Representatives)
Washington, D.C. (20510 zip code for the Senate or 20515 zip code for the House)

Give Your Letter a Bold Title

After the opening address, you may want to write a bold title that summarizes the issue about which you are writing. You can write something like this:

Re: H.R. 191 for Increasing Education Funding

After this title line you begin your letter with a salutation, e.g., “Dear Senator” or “Dear Congressman/Congresswoman.”

Are You a Constituent?

In general, letters written from constituents are given more time and consideration. A constituent is anybody who lives in the district of a congressman. For Senators, a constituent is anybody in their state. For a Representative, it’s a more narrowly defined district.

If you are a constituent, mention this very early on in the letter. Writing your name and address in the upper right corner of the page will help as well. You should also include your address after the space where you sign your name at the bottom.

If you are not a constituent, that’s okay. Just explain why you’re writing another district’s representative. For example, “I live in Ohio, but I’m very experienced in education and wanted to write you about the bill that is before you as a member of the Education Committee.”

Do Your Research

No matter what you’re writing them about, you have to know your stuff. If you have any credentials, list them! These could include your education, work history, research, and positions held that lend you credibility on the subject.

It can also help to find a few pertinent facts or statistics that drive your point home. Make sure you avoid biased sources, and always list your resources.

Avoid Form Letters

A lot of times, non-profits and other entities with a vested interest in a bill will send out form letters for people to sign and forward to their representatives. The intent is to make it easier to contact your congressmen, but repeat or obvious form letters eventually get tossed aside. Why get thrown in the bin when you can take a few minutes to write your own and make sure someone takes the time to read your thoughts?

Add a Personal Touch

To tie in the above two points, adding your personal story to your letter is invaluable. It’s one thing to write you representative because you’re ideologically for or against a proposed action. It’s another thing entirely to tell them how something could personally affect you, your family or your community.

It doesn’t have to be heart-wrenching. Your story will simply help personalize the issue for a congressman who may have no direct experience with the problems of a particular group or demographic.

Keep it Brief

Congressmen and their staff are busy people. It’s important to get to the point quickly and keep the length of your letter to one page (or two if you really have good reason to include more information). Write like a journalist: the first sentence or paragraph should summarize who you are – don’t forget to note if you’re a constituent that lives in their district – and why you are writing. From there you can build into more detail. Close by again summarizing your hope, e.g., you hope they vote YES on H.R. 178.

If you have more than one topic, split it into two separate letters and two separate faxes. Try not to contact excessively within a short time frame.

Keep it Professional & Proofread

This includes your tone, spelling and grammar.

While you are certainly free to express your frustration or disappointment, be polite. Your thoughts are less likely to be completely read and understood if they contain swear words or plain angry language. Any threats in a letter may be followed up on by the proper authorities.

Your spelling and grammar will reflect well on your letter, too. Avoid excessive punctuation like exclamation points. Never write in all capital letters, which translates as shouting. Use normal sized font and color and stick with Times New Roman or Arial to make it easy to read.

Take the time to proofread for mistakes and run spell check. It helps to read out loud to catch awkward sounding phrases or bad grammar. You may even have a friend read it over to make sure your letter makes sense and to double-check for any glaring errors that spell check may have missed.

Don’t Forget a Cover Sheet

If you fax your letter, you’ll want to include a cover sheet. This is the page that is sent before your actual letter. It includes all of your contact information (especially your fax number) as well as the name, address and phone number of the person you are trying to fax.  Most cover sheets also include a small area for comments or notes where you can summarize your purpose for writing.

Cover sheets provide a level of confidentiality. Whoever receives the fax will know who it should go to without having to read the letter itself. The cover sheet also lists the number of pages that should be received in case the fax machine has run out of paper or the following pages were not received for some other reason. A cover sheet will also help if your fax is sent online to the wrong phone number. The recipient can see your contact information to notify you that it was not received by your intended party.

Don’t Demand or Expect a Personalized Response

Most responses to letters are canned. They are sent in reply to everyone who writes about a particular bill or topic to thank them for writing and to explain the congressman’s position. This doesn’t mean nobody read or cared about your letter, so try not to take it personally. It’s simply a time-saving measure.

Write a Positive or Thank You Letter

Finally, it’s worth mentioning the obvious. Congressmen receive a lot of negative complaint letters after nearly every action they take. If your congressman voted as you wanted him or her to vote, take a few minutes to write and send a fax online to send a short thank you note (especially if you previously wrote them a letter expressing your opinion).

Sample Letters

These sample letters cover a variety of situations under which you might write your representatives. Consider whether you can speak with authority, as in Letter #1. Also think about how you want to structure your arguments, whether in paragraph, bulleted or numbered format.

Remember: if you have a relevant personal tie to the issue, mention it briefly. Spend most of the letter, though, discussing facts and/or proposed solutions.

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This interactive map gives you contact information for all of the Senators and Representatives in the United States Congress in one centralized, easy-to-use visual format.

Click on your state on the map or on your postal code abbreviation in the alphabetical list below. You’ll then see the names, pictures, fax numbers, phone numbers and e-mail addresses for all of the members of the U.S. Congress in your state.

5 Sample Templates for Contacting Your Representatives

  • Sample Letter #1Personal Credentials | Re: H.R. 5 the Student Success Act
  • Sample Letter #2Personal Interest with Counter-Arguments & Proposed Solution | Re: H.R. 717 Restoration of America’s Wire Act
  • Sample Letter #3Personal Story with Bulleted Data | S. 746 Accelerating the End of Breast Cancer Act of 2015
  • Sample Letter #4A Hypothetical Scenario or Bill | Re: Any Bills that Enact Further Gun Control Regulations
  • Sample Letter #5A Thank You Letter | Re: H. Res. 109 Condemning Iran for Persecution

Sample Letter #1 (Personal Credentials)

January 1, 2015

The Honorable John Doe
2222 Rayburn House Office Building
United States House of Representatives
Washington, D.C. 20515

Re: H.R. 5 the Student Success Act

Dear Representative John Doe:

As a teacher and a constituent, I am concerned about the potential impact of H.R. 5, which calls for over $1.7 billion in education cuts. I am writing to urge you to vote “No” on this bill.

My school and many others are already struggling to cut back. We understand that everyone has had to make adjustments post-recession. However, my school district is expecting our enrollment to continue to increase by 4 to 6 percent annually over the next 5 years. Combined with the proposed federal budget cuts, we will likely have to make cuts to our academic programs for both advanced and struggling students. For teachers like me, this can mean money out of our own pockets as we try to keep our classroom activities up to par.

Another effect of this bill is the complete lack of funding for public preschool programs. Studies continue to show that those who attend preschool demonstrate improvement in long term test scores and important development in language, literacy, mathematics and social skills. Low-income families and communities, in particular, benefit from these preschool programs. They provide a free, safe and education-oriented place for children to learn while their parents can work more hours.

District Administration magazine recently published in its March 2015 edition that during the 2013-14 fiscal school year, state spending increased on average by 12 percent. Yet not every state is able to afford these increases which may cause taxes to be raised on those who can least afford it.

Finally, the Title I Portability clause takes money from the school districts that need it most and transfers it to optional private and charter schools. Title I was intended to help schools with low income students which very often suffer from low local funding. This Portability clause leaves the public schools that are already hurting the most in a serious financial bind.

Thank you for your consideration. When this bill comes up to vote, I urge you as a concerned teacher on the ground to vote “No.” If we truly want a Student Success Act to help our students be successful, we need to avoid or reduce these drastic cuts.


Jane Smith
123 Main Street
Anytown, State 98887
Phone: 555-999-2222
Fax: 555-999-2223

Sample Letter #2 (Personal Interest with Counter-Arguments & Proposed Solution)

January 1, 2015

The Honorable John Doe
2222 Rayburn House Office Building
United States House of Representatives
Washington, D.C. 20515

Re: H.R. 717 Restoration of America’s Wire Act

Dear Representative John Doe:

As a casual online poker player and a constituent of yours, I encourage you to vote No on Representative Jason Chaffetz’s bill. This is the second time he has introduced this bill to the House that seeks to ban online gambling in the 3 states that allow it: Delaware, Nevada and New Jersey.

Just like with legal brick-and-mortar casinos, off-track betting locations and state-sponsored lotteries, online gambling is an enjoyable and exciting hobby. With the low bet limit tables, it is almost always cheaper for me to play a few hours of poker on a Friday night than to go to the movies. It also allows me to connect and spend time with friends who no longer live close enough to play poker in our basements.

I understand the risks of underage and out-of-state players, but the companies who run these sites are already strict about verifying information. The site I use is run by Caesars Interactive, which is based in our state of New Jersey. They use 8 different verifications including checking for a valid social security number. If there is concern that out-of-state or underage citizens are using these gambling sites, where is the evidence?

Another concern brought up by this bill’s supporters is the economic effect on brick-and-mortar casinos. This may be the case to some extent, that online players might have spent their money in-person at a local casino if Internet gambling was not available. However, this is simply the nature of a free market. We cannot protect special interests by shutting down up-and-coming technology and businesses.

Sadly, one of the main arguments being used by Chaffetz is one of “family values.” He has authored this bill with the false assumption that online gambling allows minors easy access to gambling when this is not the case for any online casino based in the United States. The only ones that may cause problems are those that are based overseas to skirt our laws. A few congressmen’s opinion on family values should not make federal law.

Additionally, it is clear that this bill as a “Restoration of America’s Wire Act” of 1961 is misleading. The original wire act banned “bets or wagers on any sporting event or contest.” For years, the Justice Department claimed this wording banned online gambling even though it was written before the Internet even existed. This decision was finally rejected in 2002 by a federal appeals court. Even the Justice Department no longer supports its own previous claim. Restoring this interpretation of the act will not pass muster with the courts, so it is essentially a completely new bill that should be publicly discussed and debated as such.

As a solution, I would suggest more serious crackdowns on U.S. access to offshore gambling sites that do attempt to violate these state laws. It may also be worth adding a payroll tax to the rake that is collected by the U.S. companies like Caesars Interactive. Or perhaps you can consider a tax to all deposits or withdrawals from the online gambling accounts. This additional funding could benefit a worthy public cause like education which truly would help the children.

Thanks for your consideration, and I again urge you to vote “No” on this bill. It is not just me as a player that takes interest but the companies that already exist which would be put out of business and be forced to lay off hundreds of employees should this law pass.


Jack Spade
123 Main Street
Anytown, State 98887
Phone: 555-999-2222
Fax: 555-999-2223

Sample Letter #3 (Personal Story with Bulleted Data)

January 1, 2015

The Honorable John Doe
2222 Senate Building
United States Senate
Washington, D.C. 20510

Re: S. 746 Accelerating the End of Breast Cancer Act of 2015

Dear Senator John Doe:

As someone in your district who has lost family and friends to breast cancer, I urge you to vote “Yes” on Senate bill 746.  Here are a few pertinent reasons why from the National Breast Cancer Coalition:

  • 1 in 8 American women will be diagnosed with breast cancer at some point in their life.
  • 200,000 Americans per year diagnosed with this disease.
  • There are more than 2 million women and men living with breast cancer in America today.
  • Breast cancer is the second leading cause of death among women.
  • This year alone, over 40,000 women will die from breast cancer.
  • This bill seeks to eliminate breast cancer by 2020. This is only 5 years but it is an excitingly feasible plan.
  • In 2010, breast cancer care cost the United States $16.5 billion dollars.
  • By 2020, with no further public funding for research, this amount could rise to $20.5 billion.

Last year, a 24-year-old friend of mine since elementary school was diagnosed with breast cancer. This diagnosis came just 5 years after she lost her mother to the same disease. My friend was lucky enough to make it to her dream wedding this past weekend, but her dream to have children and live a long, happy life will likely never happen. Her cancer has metastasized, spreading to her bones. She may not have long, but it is our hope that her story and the hundreds of thousands like her will spur our country’s resolve to find a cure.

We see pink ribbons everywhere and nearly every family in America has been impacted, but awareness is not enough. Private funding is only able to go so far. Private organizations invest money where they believe they will see the most cost benefit. This means some research is avoided or abandoned due to financial or technical difficulties.

This bipartisan bill helps find the cure by creating a commission that is exclusively dedicated to finding promising research opportunities that are in need of funding, thereby facilitating partnerships and research between public and private entities. This maximizes our country’s efforts to find a cure and ensures that public funding is spent in a non-duplicative way.

Please take the time to co-sponsor this bill and vote “Yes.” No more lives should have to be lost nor should families have to be broken by a disease that we can work together to end in just 5 years.


Jack Spade
123 Main Street
Anytown, State 98887
Phone: 555-999-2222
Fax: 555-999-2223

Sample Letter #4 (A Hypothetical Scenario or Bill)

January 1, 2015

The Honorable John Doe
2222 Rayburn House Office Building
United States House of Representatives
Washington, D.C. 20515

Re: Any Bills that Enact Further Gun Control Regulations

Dear Representative John Doe:

Following the recent public shooting in our district, there have been many calls from citizens and congressmen alike that seek to make it more difficult for law-abiding Americans to exercise their 2nd amendment right to bear arms. As a responsible gun owner in your district, I take gun crime very seriously and have suggestions that stand a much better chance of preventing these shootings in the future.

Before any potential laws are proposed or enacted, I would like to outline some arguments against further restrictions and gun control attempts.

To Counter Popular Arguments:

  • The vast majority of the perpetrators in recent major shootings obtained their guns legally or had stolen them. This means making it more difficult to legally purchase a gun will not necessarily prevent future similar crimes but will definitely make it more difficult on those seeking guns for self-defense or other legal uses like hunting.
  • Most of these shootings occur in locations that already ban guns. Public high schools, movie theaters, college campuses, etc. all post signs that guns are not allowed on the premises. This has not stopped these tragedies from occurring, so it will not help to ban guns in more public places.
  • Banning or restricting guns only addresses one potential weapon. If someone is intent on doing harm but cannot obtain a gun, they will improvise. They can create a bomb. They can use a vehicle on a busy sidewalk. They can use a knife. The idea of legislating our gun crime away is ludicrous; it only turns into another form of violent crime. All of this is the case assuming the criminal doesn’t simply steal a gun or go to the black market to circumvent harsher gun-banning laws.

Potential Solutions:

  • Mental health treatment should get a serious look here. These mass shootings are almost always committed by someone who has a detectable and oftentimes treatable mental illness. Without enough public resources, funding and awareness, these ill people go years without treatment. The early warnings signs are noticed but friends and family are unable to get them help with the current treatment system. Additional funding and restructuring to make access easier to navigate and obtain could help prevent future shootings.
  • Economic conditions are often a factor in day-to-day street crime. These shootings are not often covered outside of local news like the mass shootings that get weeks of national media attention. Yet most people who die by gun are caught in the middle of illegal drug rings, gangs and other street crimes that occur regularly in economically depressed areas. If we can find a way to boost these regions through education, economic stimulus and clean-up projects – which could employ locals – to boost property values and attract new businesses, we could get to the root of many of our problems.

I’m sure there are many other solutions that can help us address the cause of our country’s gun crimes and violence rather than the misleading symptoms thereof. Restricting guns only hurts those who have them for good reason. Let’s make our laws work for us, not against us.

Thank you for your consideration. I hope you vote against any bills that miss the root of this problem and instead focus on authoring or co-sponsoring bills that truly help.


Joe Texas
123 Main Street
Anytown, State 98887
Phone: 555-999-2222
Fax: 555-999-2223

Sample Letter #5 (A Thank You Letter)

January 1, 2015

The Honorable John Doe
2222 Rayburn House Office Building
United States House of Representatives
Washington, D.C. 20515

Re: H. Res. 109 Condemning Iran for Persecution

Dear Representative John Doe:

As a Baha’i living in your district, I want to thank you for sponsoring the House Resolution that condemned Iran for its persecution of religious minorities.

Although I was born in America, my husband and his entire family are refugees from Iran. They know first-hand the oppression that occurs on a daily basis. Denied access to universities solely on the basis of their faith and unable to establish places of worship, they fled to the United States where they knew they would find religious freedom. They have all become successful, highly educated, tax-paying citizens who are very grateful that you and your colleagues passed this important resolution.

We hope you will continue urging the President to take more tangible measures. While this condemnation is an important step, we understand it does not have “teeth” to it. It is up to the President and Secretary of State to impose harsher sanctions under the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability and Divestment Act of 2010. These sanctions can apply pressure directly to the officials in charge as opposed to economic sanctions that hurt the entire population, innocent or otherwise.

We also urge you to, whenever appropriate, raise awareness for this cause while reminding Americans that most Iranians are good people. The vilification in the media has skewed the public’s perception of Iran and its citizens, who by and large live by an understood code of not reporting minor offenses like uncovered hair to the government. In fact, many young Iranians are very modern, enjoying clubs, fashion, music, technology, science and other aspects of “Western” culture. Since 60% of Iran’s population is under 30 years old, it is with these young people that our hope for a peaceful Middle East lies.

Please encourage your colleagues to keep abreast of the atrocities of the imprisoned Baha’i educators, who are winning peace awards while they serve their unjust sentences. Two of these prisoners share our family name.

Thank you again for your efforts to help the Baha’is, Christians and other minorities who are persecuted in Iran. You spoke for us, and we deeply appreciate that our voice was heard on an international level.


Jane Fars
123 Main Street
Anytown, State 98887
Phone: 555-999-2222
Fax: 555-999-2223


Johnson Hur

I'll give you several reasons why you should write an apology letter, and In order for the client or perspective customer to get over the bad feelings, we If you don't want to offer someone a backhanded apology, take this at heart: aspects of any large business, but that does not change the fact that your.

IELTS Apology Letter for General Training

sample of business letter expressing heart and desire to change a bad neighborhood

Do you have a company in mind you would love to join? It might be that you know the kind of organizations you’d love to work for but there’s a problem: they aren’t hiring.

But just because a company isn’t openly looking to fill a position does it mean they wouldn’t be interested if the right talent comes along.

It never hurts to try if you want your favorite career. For these occasions, you want to send a letter of interest to the company to test the ice. In the following sections, you’ll learn:

  • What a letter of interest is
  • How it differs from a cover letter
  • When and how you should use it
  • Who should receive your letter of interest
  • What your letter should include
  • How to make sure your letter gets read

There will also be a template for formatting your letter and two examples for inspiration.


You’d use a letter of interest when you want to work in a specific company or in a specific role but you’re not sure about the job opportunities available. This letter is also known as an introduction or inquiry letter because of its querying nature. It’s to showcase your interest and to find out about opportunities. You might have a desire to work with a specific corporation and you just want to try the ice to see if opportunities are there.

In the letter, you will outline your interest in the company as well as a specific position with the company, looking for more information about the opportunities available. It’s about checking whether employment options are out there.

You will also use it to make an introduction. You will always include a basic rundown of your qualifications and accomplishments. The purpose is to sell yourself to the company and help them understand why having you on their team might not be such a bad idea – whether or not they are currently hiring.

It’s not a bad idea to enclose your resume when writing a letter of interest, although it’s not mandatory.


The above can make a letter of interest sound a lot like a cover letter. However, these two are separate from each other in three ways:

The purpose

The purpose of a letter of interest is to check whether there is an opportunity for employment while with cover letter, you are applying for a particular job you already know is on the market. A letter of interest is about the potential, whereas the cover letter is about going after what is already out there.

The content

A letter of interest is more focused on you as a person and employee. It provides the HR person (or anyone you send it to) the opportunity to get to know you and the kind of addition you might be to the team.

On the other hand, a cover letter is tailored to the specific position. It’s still about you but more about your fit to this particular role. It’s, in essence, a more focused approach to your skills and achievements rather than a broad look at your talent.

The subject

The focus of the letter of interest is on your desire to work for the specific company. You highlight your flexibility in working in different roles (since you don’t have a specific job title to apply to) and focus on your match in terms of company culture.

The subject of your cover letter is to talk about the specific job opening. It’s not about your overall career objectives but your desire to land the advertised role.

If you have seen a job advertised and you want to apply for this specific position, you need to send a cover letter.

If, on the other hand, you’re just interested in opportunities at a particular company, you want to write a letter of interest.


As just mentioned, you want to send a letter of interest when you have a strong desire to work in a specific company or companies within an industry. You are perhaps looking for new opportunities and considering the direction you want your career to take.

It’s about testing the waters and you should use the letter of interest in situations like that. But it’s also important to use it when you’re certain of your fit in the company. You want to write it when you know your skills would benefit the organization – you know you would be a good addition to the team and you could help the organization move closer to its vision.

You should take advantage of the letter when you have an idea of the kind of person the company tends to hire. You don’t want it to be just about checking if they’d want to hire you.

The letter of interest should show your knowledge of the business culture and the company’s vision – and how your skills and accomplishments alight with those points. In short, you should only send a letter of interest when you’ve done your research on the company and you know what they need and want in the long-term.


Since you’re not applying for a specific position, knowing who to send the letter can be a bit tricky. You don’t have the contact for a hiring manager, which you tend to do when it comes to sending your cover letter. But you don’t want to randomly send the letter –if you don’t address it correctly, it won’t help you reach the goals you want.

It’s important to research the company and the different departments to find the person most suited for receiving your letter of interest. Broadly speaking, the two big points of contact would be:

  • Someone from the HR department:
    • Typically the person in charge of recruitment or the specific hiring manager for specific jobs.
  • Someone from the particular department you would want to join:
    • If you have a broad understanding of the department you’d like to join and that’s suited for your skills, you might also want to consider contacting the manager of the department.

If the company is smaller and it doesn’t have dedicated departments and an HR department, you can often just send the letter of interest straight to the top. This can be the company’s owner and founder or a top-ranking manager.

If you know someone in the company, it’s also worth considering you send the letter to them (if they are somewhat relevant to your desired position).

You can find the information online, either on the company website or often on LinkedIn. LinkedIn is a great place for finding possible common contacts too with LinkedIn Connections feature.


Now to the tough part which is the content of the letter. The core of your letter should always focus on covering these three points:

1. Reasons the company interests you

The key thing is, of course, stating why you’re writing the letter of interest in the first place. You want to make it clear to the reader what your interest in the company is. You want to align the company’s values with your own values and give an insight into what about the company is interesting you.

For example, the company might be big on community projects and helping the local youngsters stay healthy and happy. This could be close to your heart too and a reason you’re looking to find a job in the company – so you’ll write about how this is something you find interesting.

2. Your skills and qualifications and why the company would benefit from them

The second main point to cover is your skills and qualifications. You want to give the person an idea of what your strongest points are and where your talent is because it helps them get an idea whether you’re an employee worth pursuing.

Unlike with a cover letter, you won’t have a specific job description to help you in terms of the skills to focus on. Instead of trying to sell yourself to a specific job position, you’re objective is to talk about your overall skills and qualities in terms of the company.

Therefore, focus on finding out about the company culture and the talent the company is looking for. For example, if the organization is big on sustainability, you should mention how it’s important to you and how you’ve demonstrated this value in your line of work.

It’s essentially important to show you understand the company’s mission and focus and that you position yourself to be part of this. Let’s say you’re looking to join the marketing team in some capacity and you can notice how the company’s marketing is mainly driven by social media.

This gives you a window of opportunity to highlight your social media talent and knowledge in this aspect.

3. The jobs and positions that might interest you

Now, you can also mention the kind of jobs and positions that might interest you. This doesn’t have to be in terms of mentioning a specific job title but outlining your interests and your experience.

So, if you are interested in a marketing position, you should talk about your interest in possibly working in the marketing team and letting the person know of any experience you have in positions within this sector.

Always add a call to action to your letter

There is one more key thing you need to include in your letter aside of those three main points. It’s a call to action.

“A call to action is a statement designed to get an immediate response from the person reading or hearing it.” – The Balance

In marketing and business terms, a call to action is used when you want the person to buy, sign-up or order, for example. In your letter of interest, the call to action is to make the person reading the letter to contact you back with the intention of talking about possible opportunities.

Essentially, your letter must end with a clear call to action and an invitation for the person to get back to you. So, you want to make sure you don’t just go “Hope to hear from you” at the end but you add a real sense of urgency for the connection. Here are some good ways of ending your letter with a call to action:

  • You can e-mail at [email protected]
  • I can be reached at any time at 0123 456.
  • You can reach me at my e-mail address if you want to ask any questions.
  • Here is a link to my LinkedIn – Let’s connect to continue the discussion.

It’s also a good idea to be proactive with your call to action. Instead of simply waiting for the person to connect, you want to show you’d be staying in touch. It’s not a bad idea to say you’ll be calling the person in a week’s time to talk about opportunities.

You want to set a date and even time, leaving enough time for the person to go over your letter and resume. When you do this, you force the person into a call to action – they might call you first because they know you’ll be in touch anyway or at least e-mail to say there’s nothing in the company at the moment.


Let’s put the above information into practice and look at the formatting of the letter of interest. While in the modern, digital world most things are sent via e-mail, you can still send a hard copy of your letter.

Below are format examples for both a printed letter and the e-mail version.

A hard copy letter

A hard copy might actually be more effective than e-mail so it’s worth considering. Most professionals tend to have their e-mail full of letters and therefore, your letter of interest might never stand out in the Inbox. Whereas a real letter will force the person to at least acknowledge it’s there.

Here is the formatting for a hard copy letter you can post to the organization.


Your contact details

Include your name, address, phone number, and e-mail address.
You should also include any relevant professional social media handle (Twitter, LinkedIn) and your website if you have it.


Contact details of the person your contacting
Add full contact details of the person you’re addressing the letter to, including name, company name and position, company address and phone number.

Professional greeting
Begin with a professional greeting, addressing the person with the correct title and name.

The main body of the text

Begin by introducing yourself and explaining your reason for the letter. This is the place to mention your interests towards the organisation.

The skills and qualifications
The next paragraph should be about your skills and qualifications and how you think they align with the needs of the organisation.
You can also mention any possible interest you might have within the organisation.

The closing statement/call to action
The final paragraph should be the call to action.
Outline your plans for further contact and let the person know the best way to contact you.

Professional goodbye
Sign the letter off with a professional goodbye and add a handwritten signature even if the rest of the letter is a printed copy.


Here is an example letter to use for inspiration and guidance when writing your own letter


Jane Smith
123 Home Street
454 City
0123 456
[email protected]

February 18

Sarah Doe
Head of Marketing
XYZ Company
98 Road Avenue
454 City

Dear Ms. Doe,

I was reading through one of the top marketing publications and came across your interview. You eloquently talked about the new direction digital marketing is headed and I immediately felt inspired. With six years of experience in the industry, I would love to inquire you about opportunities in joining the award-winning team at XYZ Company.

I have worked exclusively within the digital sector for the past three years, holding a variety of positions I feel would benefit your company. I am experienced in market research and third-party marketing systems. In my past, I have introduced new marketing strategies and been part of numerous new campaign launches. I am actively looking for opportunities that would allow me to build on the research part of my talent. I believe the development of new strategies is the way forward and I was happy to read in the interview, you feel the same way.

I’ve led a five-man team and I have been able to improve the sales within my past jobs by 40% on an annual basis. I am proud of having been able to deliver such results within budget. I believe it is my professional and honesty that helps me strive for such good results.

I will be calling you on March 5th to answer any questions you might have about this letter or the enclosed resume. I hope we will be able to talk about opportunities and to schedule an interview at a convenient time. If you prefer, you can call me at 0123 456 any time of the week.

Thank you for your time for considering my qualifications.


Jane Smith


E-mail version

You may also want to opt for simply e-mailing the person. It might not always be as efficient but it’s not a bad idea in a fast moving world – you’ll also be able to follow-up a bit easier.

Here are the specific formatting tips for the e-mail version:


The subject line
Introduction to the topic and your name.

Professional greeting
Begin with a professional greeting, addressing the person with the correct title and name.

The main body of the text

Begin by introducing yourself and explaining your reason for the letter. This is the place to mention your interests towards the organisation.

The skills and qualifications
The next paragraph should be about your skills and qualifications and how you think they align with the needs of the organisation.
You can also mention any possible interest you might have within the organisation.

The closing statement/call to action
The final paragraph should be the call to action.
Outline your plans for further contact and let the person know the best way to contact you.

Your contact details
Sign off professionally and include your full contact details at the end of the e-mail.

With that in mind, here’s an example e-mail you can use as guidance when writing your own:


The subject line:Introduction – Jane Smith

Dear Ms. Doe,

For the past three years, I’ve been focusing on the work of ZYX Company and I’ve been inspired by the company’s dedication to sustainability. I have been moved by the focus to ensure the product development process is always aimed at creating sustainable and user-friendly products, as I’m a passionate advocate of eco-friendly solutions.

I have had the privilege of working with some of the leading climate scientists since graduating as a digital developer five years ago. I have launched two successful projects, with one of them winning the local award for the sustainable practice of the year. It is this passion, I’d love to develop further and I’m interested to find if there are opportunities at ZYX Company for me to do so.

I believe my experience and skills would be well suited, as the company prepares for its next big push in the development of solar energy. I have enclosed my resume with this e-mail for you to explore my skills further.

I will call you on March 4th to discuss the issue further. If you do have any questions before, feel free to reach me by e-mailing me at [email protected]

I look forward to speaking with you. Thank you for your consideration.


Jane Smith
123 Home Street
454 City
0123 456
[email protected]



The above templates are the ones to use when writing a letter of interest. You will be able to focus on the right things in your letter and to get your message across in style. But you want to take a moment to focus on the final elements of a good letter of interest – those little details that ensure your carefully crafter letter actually gets read.

To do this, you must ensure:

  • Your letter or e-mail is short and concise. Don’t write more than four short paragraphs of around three to five sentences. You don’t want to waste the person’s time so you want to keep it short and concise. Only focus on relevant points and remember you don’t have to go into career details if you include a resume.
  • Your letter is directed to the right person. As mentioned earlier, you want to direct the letter to the right person – the person in charge of considering new people. Sending it to a random person won’t improve your chances. It might take some research to find the right person but this is necessary to conduct in order to succeed.
  • You should focus on your strengths and the value you would add to the company. Only talk about skills and experience that’s relevant to your interest and important for the business. Like with cover letter, make it about your value to the company and not just about boasting with your skills.
  • You will follow-up on your letter. Never just send the letter and wait for the call. If you have stated you will call and you never hear from the person, it’s a good idea to e-mail them a day before you said you’d call to remind them about it. If you haven’t mentioned any time for contact, you should send a follow-up e-mail a few days after you sent the letter just to check up if the person received it and if they’d still like to talk.
    People sometimes genuinely forget to reply and it doesn’t automatically mean they are not interested! So push your case with a few follow-ups until you get the ultimate know or you never hear from the person.


A letter of interest is a great tool for your career. It will help you during those times when the perfect job openings are not there but you have an idea of the direction you’d want your career to take.

It’s a good networking tool and a way to get hiring managers and team leaders to notice your talent. So, if you have ideas on where you’d like to work, don’t hesitate in sending a letter of interest!

Just remember to do your research, present yourself as a valuable addition to the company and keep it short and sweet. Always follow-up on your letter and don’t forget to encourage the person to get in touch with you first.

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Page  [unnumbered]


LETTER I. To a Father, against putting a Youth of but moderate Parts to a Profession that requires more extensive Abilities.

Dear Sir,

_YOU pay me a Compliment, tho' a very obliging one, when in the last Letter you favoured me with, you desire my Advice, with respect to the Disposition of your Son William; whom you are inclin'd to bring up to the Bar. If, in complying with your Request, I should say any thing you may not intirely approve, you will not have so much room to Page  2 blame me, as your own wrong Choice of a Counsellor.

I need not now tell you, I have a good Opi|nion of Will; and think him a modest, grave, sober, Youth: But, for this very Reason, I hardly think him qualified for the Profession you would chuse for him; for, I doubt, he has neither Talents for the Law, nor ever will have the Presence of Mind necessary to make a Figure at the Bar. In any smooth, easy Business, he will probably succeed, and be a useful Member of the Commonwealth. And as he is not your eldest Son, I should, were it to me, put him to a Merchant; or, as we live in an Island, and Trade and Navigation are both our Riches and our Glory, I should not even scruple to put a second Son to a creditable wholesale Dealer, rather than fail; if he himself is not averse to such a Calling. For I know not (you'll excuse me, I'm sure) whether Will's Genius is equal to that of an universal Merchant: For, the various Springs of Com|merce, the Seasons for chusing proper Commo|dities, and numberless Incidents that make a necessary Return of Gain precarious, are full Im|ployment for the strongest Judgment; as a Man, by one ill-chosen Venture, often loses more than he gains by several successful ones.

But this Opinion of Will, should you think it just, will be no Obstacle to his succeeding in the World in some creditable easy Business. Tho' I think him unequal to the Part you seem inclinable to allot him; yet he is no Fool: And Experience teaches us, that, in some sorts of Business, ample Advantage, may be made by very moderate Ta|lents, with much Reputation. These are princi|pally such Employments as merely consist in Buy|ng with Prudence, and in Selling at a Market-profit: Page  3 Hence we see several Wholesale Dealers gain large Fortunes with Ease and Credit, and without any other Secret than the plain Practice of Buying at the best Hand, paying for their Goods punctually, and vending them always for what they are. In Dealings of this Kind, the Fatigues are few, and clear well-kept Books are sufficient to shew, at any time, a Man's Loss or Gain; for which, generally speaking, less than One Forenoon in a Week is sufficient: And yet, by a constant Attention, in this easy manner, as good a Character, and, very often, more Money is to be gained than in Professions that require an extraordinary Genius, a perpetual Attention, and a close and intense Study; which very seldom suc|ceeds neither: For see you not of Hundreds of Lawyers, how very few of them make a Figure, or get genteel Bread? And how many, for want of Courage to appear at the Bar (who yet have good Parts and Knowledge in the Laws) are forced to confine themselves to Chamber-practice, in which it is a long time before they grow noted enough to make a tolerable Livelihood.

As to what you hint, of placing him in the Physick Tribe; I like this no better than the other. Consider only this one Thing, how long it is be|fore he will be capable of entering into Business, or Reputation, as a Physician, if he ever does it at all: For who chuses to trust his Health to a raw and unexperienced young Man? The Law requires a sprightly Impudence, if I may so say, the Physick Line a solemn one, in the Person who would make a Figure in either. And do you think, tho' Will is grave enough of Conscience, that he ever can come up to that important Deportment, that unblushing Parade, which is the very Essence of an English Physician? So he may, in either of the Pro|sessions, Page  4 live over all his Days, and be quite un|known; for, as Practice in both Faculties is the best Teacher, and Theory a most uncertain Guide, he may live to be Forty of Fifty Years of Age, and not come into any Business that shall improve himself, or benefit his Consulters.

Whereas in the Way I propose, no sooner is he come of Age, and fit to be trusted with the Management of any Affairs at all, but his Seven Years will be expired; and if he has not been wanting to himself in it (and if he be, he would have been much more so in an abstruser Business) he will be enabled, with the Fortune you can bestow upon him, to enter upon the Stage of the World with great Advantage, and become directly, a necessary and an useful Member of the Commu|nity. And, my good Friend, when you and I recollect, that most of the noble Families in the Kingdom, as well as the genteel ones, had the Foundations of their Grandeur laid in Trade, I expect not, in such a Country as ours especially, that any Objection to my Advice will be form'd, either by you or your good Lady, on this Score, if you have not more significant Reasons proceed|ing from the Boy's Turn of Mind and Inclination; which, I think, should always be consulted on these Occasions. For, tho' I hope it never will be so in your Case, yet nothing has been more common, than that of Two Sons, the Eldest brought up to the Estate, the other to Trade, in the Revolution of Twenty or Thirty Years, the latter, thro' the Extravagance of the former, has made himself Eldest, as I may say; for, by saving while the other has been spending, he has found Means to keep the Estate in the Family, tho' it has been transferr'd upon the youngest, and, as it has then proved, the worthiest Branch.

Page  5 This, I think, deserves your Consideration; and by viewing Will in the same Light I do; that of a well-inclined Lad, of moderate Passions, great natural Modesty, and no soaring Genius; I believe you will think it best to dispose of him in such manner as may require no greater Talents than he is possessed of, and may, in due Time, make him appear in the Face of the World fully quali|fied for what he undertakes. I am, Sir,

Your very humble Servant.

LETTER II. From an UNCLE to a NEPHEW, on his keep|ing bad Company, bad Hours, &c. in his Apprenticeship.

Dear Nephew,

I AM very much concerned to hear that you are of late fallen into bad Company; that you keep bad Hours, and give great Uneasiness to your Master, and break the Rules of his Family: That when he expostulates with you on this Occasion, you return pert and bold Answers; and, instead of promising or endeavouring to amend, repeat the Offence; and have enter'd into Clubs and Societies of young Fellows, who set at naught all good Example, and make such Persons who would do their Duty, the Subject of their Ridicule, as Per|sons of narrow Minds, and who want the Courage to do as they do.

Let me, on this Occasion, expostulate with you, and set before you the Evil of the Way you are in.

Page  6 In the first Place: What can you mean by breaking the Rules of a Family you had bound your self by Contract to observe? Do you think it is honest, to break thro' Engagements into which you have so solemnly entered; and which are no less the Rules of the Corporation you are to be one Day free of, than those of a private Family?—Seven Years, several of which are elapsed, are not so long a Term, but that you may see it determined before you are over-fit to betrusted with your own Conduct: Twenty-one or Twenty-two Years of Age, is full early for a young Man to be his own Master, whatever you may think; and you may surely stay till then, at least, to chuse your own Hours, and your own Company; and, I fear, as you go on, if you do not mend your Ways, your Discretion will not then do Credit to your Choice. Remember, you have no Time you can call your own, during the Continuance of your Contract; and must you abuse your Master in a double Sense; rob him of his Time, especially if any of it be Hours of Business; rob him of his Rest; break the Peace of his Family, and give a bad Example to others? And all for what? Why to riot in the Company of a Set of Persons, who contemn, as they teach you to do, all Order and Discipline; who, in all Likelihood, will lead you into into Gaming, Drinking, Swearing, and even more dangerous Vices, to the unhinging of your Mind from your Business, which must be your future Support.

Consider, I exhort you, in time, to what these Courses may lead you. Consider the Affiction you will give to all your Friends, by your Con|tinuance in them. Lay together the Substance of the Conversation that passes in a whole Evening, with your frothy Companions, after you are come Page  7 from them, and reflect what solid Truth, what useful Lesson, worthy of being inculcated in your future Life, that whole Evening has afforded you; and consider, whether it is worth breaking thro' all Rule and Order for?—Whether your pre|sent Conduct is such as you would allow in a Ser|vant of your own? Whether you are so capable to pursue your Business with that Ardor and De|light next Morning, as if you had not drank, or kept bad Hours over Night? If not, whether your Master has not a double Loss and Damage from your mis-spent Evenings? Whether the taking of small Liberties, as you may think them, leads you not on to greater; for, let me tell you, you will not find it in your Power to stop when you will: And then, whether any Restraint at all will not in time be irksome to you?

I have gone thro' the like Servitude with Plea|sure and Credit. I found myself my own Master full soon for my Discretion: What you think of your self I know not; but I wish you may do as well for your own Interest, and Reputation too, as I have done for mine: And I'll assure you, I should not have thought it either creditable or honest to do as you do. I could have stood the Laugh of an Hundred such vain Companions as you chuse, for being too narrow-minded to break thro' all moral Obligations to my Master, in order to shew the Bravery of a bad Heart, and what an abandon'd Mind dared to perpetrate. A bad Be|ginning seldom makes a good Ending, and if you was assured that you could stop when you came for your self, which is very improbable, how will you answer it to Equity and good Conscience, that you will not do so for your Master? There is, let me tell you, more true Bravery of Mind in for|bearing to do an Injury, than in giving Offence.

Page  8 You are now at an Age, when you should study to improve not divert your Faculties. You should now lay in a Fund of Knowledge, that in time, when ripened by Experience, may make you a worthy Member of the Commonwealth. Do you think you have nothing to learn, either as to your Business, or as to the forming of your Mind? Would it not be much better to chuse the silent, the sober Conversation of BOOKS, than of such Companions as never read or think? An Author never commits any but his best Thoughts to Paper; but what can you expect from the laughing noisy Company you keep, but frothy Prate, indigested Notions, and Thoughts so unwor|thy of being remember'd, that it is the greatest Kindness to forget them.

Let me intreat you then, my dear Kinsman, for your Family's sake, for your own sake, before it be too late, to reflect as you ought upon the Course you are enter'd into. By applying yourself to Books, instead of such vain Company, you will be quali|fied in time for the best of Company, and to be respected by all Ranks of Men. This will keep you out of unnecessary Expences, will employ all your leisure Time, will exclude a world of Temptations, and open and inlarge your Notions of M•n and Things, and, finally, set you above that wretched Company which now you seem so much delighted with. And one Thing let me recommend to you, That you keep a List of the young Men of your Standing within the Com|pass of your Knowledge, and for the next Seven Years observe what Fate will attend them: See, if those who follow not the Course you are so lately enter'd into, will not appear in a very dif|ferent Light from those who do; and from the Industry and Prosperity of the one, and the Page  9 Decay or Failure of the other, (if their vain Ways do not blast them before, or as soon as they begin the World) you'll find abundant Reason every Day to justify the Truth of the Observations I have thrown together. As nothing but my Af|fection for you could possibly influence me to these Expostulations, I hope for a proper Effect from them, if you would be thought well of by, or ex|pect any Favour from,

Your loving Uncle.

Your Master will, at my Request, send me word of the Success of my Remonstrances.

LETTER III. A Widow-Mother's Letter, in Answer to her Son's complaining of Hardships in his Ap|prenticeship.

Dear Billy,

I AM very sorry to hear of the Difference between your Master and you. I was always afraid you would expect the same Indulgences you had met with at home; and as you know, that in many Instances, I have endeavoured to make any seem|ing Hardship as easy to you as I could, if this causes you to be harder to be satisfied, it would be a great Trouble to me. Your Uncle tells me, I am afraid with too much Truth, that the Indul|gences you have received from me, have made your present Station more disagreeable than it would otherwise have been. What I have always done for you was intended for your Good, and nothing could so deeply afflict me as to see my Tenderness Page  10 have a contrary Effect: Therefore, dear Child, to my constant Care for your Welfare, do not add the Sorrow of seeing it the Cause of your behaving worse than if it had not been bestow'd upon you; for as, before we put you to your Master, we had an extraordinary Character of him, from all his Neighbours, and those who dealt with him; and as Mr. Joseph, who is now out of his Time, gives him the best of Characters, and declares your Mistress to be a Woman of great Prudence and good Conduct; I know not how to think they would use you ill in any respect. But con|sider, my Dear, you must not, in any Woman beside myself, expect to find a fond, and perhaps partial Mother; for, the little Failings which I could not see in you, will appear very plain to other Persons. My Love for you would make me wish you always with me; but as that is what your future Welfare will no way permit; and as you must certainly be a Gainer by the Situation you are now in, let a Desire to promote my Happiness, as well as your own, make every seeming Difficulty light; which, I hope, will appear much lighter for being what I intreat you to dispense with; who am,

Your ever loving Mother.

I have desir'd your Uncle to interpose in this Matter, and he writes to you on this Occa|sion; and has promised to see Justice done you, in case your Complaints be reason|able.

Page  11

LETTER IV. An Uncle's Letter to the Youth, on the same Occasion.

Cousin William,

I AM sorry you should have any Misunderstand|ing with your Master: I have a good Opinion of him, and am unwilling to entertain a bad one of you. It is so much a Master's Interest to use his Apprentices well, that I am inclinable to think that when they are badly treated, it is oftener the Effect of Provocation than Choice. Wherefore, before I give myself the Trouble of interposing in your Behalf, I desire you will strictly inquire of your|self, whether you have not, by some Misconduct or other, provoked that Alteration in your Master's Be|haviour of which you so much complain. If, after having diligently complied with this Request, you assure me that you are not sensible of having given Cause of Disgust on your Side, I will readily use my best Endeavours to reconcile you to your Master, or procure you another. But if you find yourself blame|ble, it will be better for you to remove, by your own Amendment, the Occasion of your Master's Dis|pleasure, than to have me, or any other Friend, offer to plead your Excuse, where you know it would be unjust to defend you. If this should be your Case, all your Friends together could promise your better Behaviour, indeed; but as the Performance must even then be your own, it will add much more to your Character to pass thro' your whole Term without any Interposition between you. Weigh well what I have here said; and remember, that your future Welfare depends greatly on your present Behaviour. I am,

Your Loving Kinsman.

Page  12

LETTER V. An Apprentice to an Uncle, about a Fraud committed by his Fellow-Apprentice to their Master.

Dear Uncle,

I AM under greater Uneasiness than I am able to express: My Fellow-'prentice, for whom I had a great Regard, and from whom I have received many Civilities, has involved me in the deepest Affliction. I am unwilling to tell you, and yet I must not conceal it, that he has forfeited the Confidence reposed in him by a Breach of Trust, to which he ungenerously gain'd my Consent, by a Pretence I did not in the least suspect. What must I do? My Master is defrauded: If I discover the Injury, I am sure to ruin a young Man I wou'd fain think possessed of some Merit; if I conceal the Injustice, I must at present share the Guilt, and hereafter be Partaker in the Punishment. I am in the greatest Agony of Mind, and beg your instant Advice, as you value the Peace of

Your dutiful, tho' unfortunate Nephew

LETTER VI. The Uncle's Answer.

Dear Nephew,

YOUR Letter, which I just now received, gives me great Uneasiness: And as any Delay in the Discovery may be attended with Conse|quences which will probably be dangerous to your|self, and disagreeable to all who belong to you; I Page  13 charge you, if you value your own Happiness, and my Peace, to acquaint your Master instantly with the Injustice that has been done him; which is the only Means of vindicating your own Innocence, and prevent your being looked upon as an Accom|plice in a Fact, to which I wish you may not be found to have been too far consenting. As to the unhappy young Man who has been guilty of so fatal an Indiscretion, I wish, if the known Cle|mency and Good-nature of your Master may par|don this Offence, he may let his Forgiveness teach him the Ingratitude and Inhumanity of injuring a Man, who is not only the proper Guardian of his Youth, but whose Goodness deserves the best Be|haviour, tho' he be generous enough to excuse the worst. Let not a Minute pass after you receive this, before you reveal the Matter to your Master: For, I am in Hopes that your Application to me, and your following my Advice, will greatly plead in your Behalf. I will very speedily call on your Master, and am, as far as an honest Regard for you can make me,

Your Loving Uncle.

LETTER VII. Advice from a Father to a young Beginner, what Company to chuse, and how to behave in it.

Dear Robin,

AS you are now entering into the World, and will probably have considerable Dealings in your Business, the frequent Occasions you will have for Advice from others, will make you de|sirous Page  14 of singling out among your most intimate Acquaintance, one or two, whom you would view in the Light of Friends.

In the Choice of these, your utmost Care and Caution will be necessary: for, by a Mistake here, you can scarcely conceive the fatal Effects you may hereafter experience: Wherefore, it will be proper for you to make a Judgment of those who are fit to be your Advisers, by the Conduct they have observed in their own Affairs, and the Reputation they bear in the World. For he who has by his own Indiscretions undone himself, is much fitter to be set up as a Land-mark for a pru|dent Mariner to shun his Courses, than an Example to follow.

Old Age is generally slow and heavy, Youth headstrong and precipitate; but there are old Men who are full of Vivacity, and young Men reple|nish'd with Discretion; which makes me rather point out the Conduct than the Age of the Persons with whom you should chuse to associate; tho' after all, it is a never-failing good Sign to me of Prudence and Virtue in a young Man, when his Seniors chuse his Company, and he delights in theirs.

Let your Endeavour therefore be, at all Adven|tures, to consort yourself with Men of Sobriety, good Sense and Virtue; for the Proverb is an un|erring one, that says, A Man is known by the Com|pany he keeps. If such Men you can single out, while you improve by their Conversation, you will benefit by their Advice; and be sure remember one thing, that tho' you must be frank and unreserved in delivering your Sentiments, when Occasions offer, yet that you be much readier to hear than speak; for to this Purpose it has been significantly observed, that Nature has given a Man two Ears, Page  15 and but one Tongue. Lay in therefore by Obser|vation, and a modest Silence, such a Store of Ideas, that you may at their Time of Life, make no worse Figure than they do; and endeavour to bene|fit yourself rather by other Peoples Ills than your own. How must those young Men expose them|selves to the Contempt and Ridicule of their Seniors, who having seen little or nothing of the World, are continually shutting out by open Mouths and closed Ears, all Possibility of Instruction, and making vain the principal End of Conversation, which is Improvement. A silent young Man makes generally a wise old one, and never fails of being respected by the best and most prudent Men. When therefore you come among Strangers, hear every one speak before you deliver your own Sen|timents; by this means you will judge of the Merit and Capacities of your Company, and avoid exposing yourself, as I have known many do, by shooting out hasty and inconsiderate Bolts, which they would have been glad to recal, when perhaps a silent Genius in Company has burst out upon them with such Observations, as have struck Con|sciousness and Shame in the forward Speaker, if he has not been quite insensible of inward Reproach.

I have thrown together, as they occurr'd, a few Thoughts, which may suffice for the present to shew my Care and Concern for your Welfare. I hope you will constantly from time to time, com|municate to me whatever you shall think worthy of my Notice, or in which my Advice may be of Use to you. For I have no Pleasure in this Life equal to that which the Happiness of my Children gives me. And of this you may be assured; for I am, and ever must be,

Your affectionate Father.

Page  16

LETTER VIII. General Rules for agreeable Conversation in a young Man. From a Father to a Son.

Dear William,

AS I had not an Opportunity of saying so much to you as I wished when you were last here; I send this to inform you of some things in your general Conversation, which I think would be proper for you to observe, and amend; particularly your excessive Itch for Talking, which discovers itself alike on all Occasions. I have always flatter'd my|self that you do not want Sense, and am willing to hope I have not been deceived: But the dangerous Self-sufficiency of most young Men, seems violently to have seized you, which, I hope, a little Re|flection will remove.

The Art of rendering yourself agreeable in Con|versation is worth your serious Study: 'Tis an Ad|vantage few can boast, tho' sought after by all; and nothing is so constant an Enemy to Success in those who would excel in this Art, as the harbour|ing an Opinion of their own Proficiency, before they have attained to any tolerable Degree of Knowledge in what they imagine themselves pos|sessed of. Conversation, where it is rightly ma|naged, must be so conducted, as to let each Mem|ber of the Company have a Share in the Pleasure and Applause it affords: If you are Six in Number, after you have told a Story, or made any Remark which gives a general Satisfaction; you must con|sider it the Right of another to call your Attention in his Turn; and, unless particularly requested, it betrays a great Weakness to follow yourself. No doubt but you love to be admired: And have not Page  17 others the same Passion? You believe your Wit more brilliant than theirs? Are you sure that they are not of the same Opinion as to their own? If a Man speaks little, you must not from thence con|clude him willing to give up every Claim to con|versible Merit: Perhaps he cannot sing: But to be sure he is as desirous of having his peculiar Humour, or his dry Joke applauded, as you are to be intreat|ed another Song. If he is no Mathematician, per|haps he is versed in religious Disputation; if he despises Plays, he may admire History; tho' he understands not Geography, he may yet know how to describe the Humours of Mankind: And tho' he pretends not to Politicks, he may have a Turn for some more useful Science. When these are considered, if his Modesty is great, you cannot ob|lige him more than by throwing an Opportunity in his way to display his Capacity on the Subject he believes himself most able to handle with Ad|vantage: For, in order to support a thorough good Humour, a Man must be pleased with him|self as well as with others. When this is pro|perly taken Care of, Conversation seldom fails to prove entertaining: And to the Neglect of this, are owing many of the yawning Hours spent in Companies composed of Men not incapable of be|having agreeably.

The Manner of telling a Story, is also worth your Notice: You have known the Pleasure of hearing a long one well told: Mr. Trotter has an admirable Talent in this way: But then you must observe, that half the Pleasure he gives, arises from his happily avoiding any of the silly Digressions, which are the great Cause of a Story's seeming tedious: You never hear him mingle his Relation with, I remember very well it was the same Day that 'Squire Trumbul's Son came of Age.—I boughtPage  18my bay Nag the very Day before, at such a Fair, being a Friday that Year;—or, I can scarce think of it without Laughing;—But, however, as I was saying:—And a hundred more such Dead-weights to Attention. Nor does he ever praise a Story be|fore he relates it; a fatal Rock to many a good Relation: For when any Story wants a preparatory Recommendation, it ought not to be told; and even when the Relation is possible, the Generality of Auditors are apt to persuade themselves,

The Mountain labours, and a Mouse is born.

These are loose and general Hints; but by a due Improvement of them, you will find yourself very sensibly grow more and more agreeable where-ever you converse. An Ease and becoming Freedom you already have, and by the Addition of Discre|tion in your Use of them, and Complaisance to others, you will probably succeed in the Desire so predominant in you, of being admired by Men of Sense and Judgment. Which will be no small Pleasure to

Your affectionate Father.

LETTER IX. An elder to a younger Brother, who is in Love with a young Lady of great Gaiety, &c.

Dear Brother,

I AM more concerned for your Welfare than you imagine. You are younger than myself: My Duty, in some Degree, requires my Care for your Good, and particularly in a Point that may Page  19 be so material to your whole Life, as is that of Love.

Beauty has as great a Force upon my Senses, as it can have upon yours. I am near Thirty Years of Age; you are not more than Twenty. Your Passions are strong; mine, Brother, are far from subsiding: I admire, I love, with as much Force of Nature as you can do. My Reason ought to be stronger, and 'tis well if my Passion is not so likewise. Miss Rooke is amiable on many Ac|counts; her Features are regular, her Wit sprightly, her Deportment genteel; and Voice,—I had al|most said, ravishing. Her Dress is easy and un|affected; and her Manner of Conversation, has a Freedom that captivates more Hearts, than yours: Yet, I greatly fear, with all these Endow|ments, she will not make the Wife you ought to wish for. Her airy Flights, and gay Behaviour, are pleasing, as a Partner in Conversation, but will they be equally agreeable in a Partner for Life? What now charms you, charms also others: You are now content with thinking yourself one among many that admire her, and are admitted to share the Brilliancy of her Conversation; but will a Share of her Wit and Humour, her Freedom and Gaiety, please hereafter as a Wife? And tho' she is delight|ful in Company, are you satisfied she will be as agreeable when alone with you; or when she has not an Opportunity of shewing-away in a Company that perhaps you may not approve? She now sees nobody but whom she chuses to see: If she should be a Wife, it is more than probable she may dislike Restraints: and can you approve of a diffuse Conversation in one you desire to your|self?

Think not, Brother, that I have any interested Motive for this Advice. I assure you I have not. Page  20 I am not your Rival: I desire not the Lady you seem too fond of. All I mean (for I say nothing at present, with regard to your own Youth, which ought not, however, to be wholly forgotten, as very few prudent Matches are made by young Gentle|men at your Age) is, to caution you against thinking of a Gentlewoman who may, and I am willing to believe will, be a suitable Companion to a Gentleman whose Station and Choice leads him into much Company, and gay Life; but to Men whose Circumstances, if not their Inclinations, require a more retired way of Life, it is obvious, a Woman, whose Talents lie principally in Conversation, can never, for that Reason only, justify a young Gentleman for chusing her for a Wife.

I hope this will come time enough to put you upon guarding against the Inconveniencies that threaten the Indulgence of your present Passion. Shut not your Ears to Reason; forget not your|self; and be sure to remember, that the Pleasure of an Hour or Two, and of Twenty, Thirty, or Forty Years, or a whole Life, must arise from very different Sources. I am,

Dear Brother,

Your most affectionate, &c.

LETTER X. An elder to an extravagant younger Brother.

Dear JOHN,

YOU may be certain that your Misfortunes are to me a most melancholy Subject: You are my only Brother: I own it: And your Mis|fortunes Page  21 affect me next to my own: But there is this Difference in what I feel for you, and for my|self: I am sure, every Misfortune I have met with, has been occasioned by unavoidable Acci|dents. This Consideration has supported me under the many Afflictions I have myself endured: But for those I have shared with you, I cannot boast the same Alleviation. While our Father lived, he was your constant and unwearied Support, even after your Patrimony was squander'd away. While our Mother remained, she was every Week assist|ing your Necessities, but what might more pro|perly be called your Levity and Extravagance. She is now, by the Divine Will, taken from us both; her Jointure, as well as the Estate my Father independently left, has devolved upon me. Of this both Nature and Providence re|quire I should make the best Use: And to serve you, I readily confess, is my greatest Care. But, my dear Brother, how is this to be done? The generous and bountiful Assistance of our Parents, procured you no substantial Good. What then am I to do to screen you from Want and Misery?—That you are not already happy, is not owing to the Backwardness of your Friends to serve you; but, allow me to speak plainly, to your own In|discretion. Your own Fortune maintained you not for three Years: Were I able to give you as much more, what Reason have you given me to suppose you will be a better Oeconomist than you have been? My whole Estate, let me tell you, Brother, at your Rate of Expence, would scarcely maintain you for Seven Years: And, think you as you will, I must believe it my Duty to leave enough to support my Off-spring, with pru|dent Conduct, to the End of Time. If I send you, as you desire, Fifty Guineas, What good will Page  22 that Sum procure you? It will but serve to lengthen your Credit, and make you run deeper into Debt. I have assisted you before; and has not this always been the Case? And have not People given you Credit, because they think I will support you? 'Tis Time then, my dear Brother, to hold my Hand. But yet, be assured, that when I am co•+vinced you have thoroughly abandon'd your prese•• Courses, you shall find in me,

A truly affectionate Brother

LETTER XI. To a young Man too soon keeping a Horse.

Dear Tom,

I Always take great Pleasure in hearing of your Welfare, and of every thing that makes for your Satisfaction and Comfort: But give me Leave to say, That I am sorry to hear you have so early begun to keep a Horse, especially as your Business is altogether in your Shop, and you have no End to serve in riding out; and are, besides, young and healthy,, and so cannot require it, as Exercise. And is it worth while, think you, to keep a Horse the whole Week, that you may have him at hand on a Sunday Morning, if the Day proves fair, and you have nothing to keep you in Town?

You must consider, that tho' here, in the Country, many common Tradesmen keep Horses, the Expence is but small to them, and the Distance of one Customer from another, in a manner obliges them to it. But this can be no Plea for you: And if you do not want a Horse Page  23 for Exercise, you can only alledge the worst Rea|son in the World for your maintaining one; that your Neighbours all round you do the same: For, look who they are, and what their Motives, and you'll soon see the Difference, and that their Example will not justify you. Mr. Thompson, for Instance, who lives next Door to you, is near Sixty Years of Age, of a pretty gross Con|stitution, and capable of no other Exercise; and moreover he had acquired, by Length of Time, and Industry, an ample Fortune, before he gave himself this Diversion. Mr. Jenkins has an Estate fallen to him, that sets him above the Want of Trade; and his continuing in it, is rather an Amusement than an Employment. Mr. Jackson, Mr. West, Mr. Trozier, and Mr. Kent, are all Men of established Fortunes; and when you are as old as the youngest of them, and can as well afford it, I would be far from dissuading you from keeping a Horse. But at present, you may de|pend upon it, you rather incur their Contempt, than gain their Esteem, by offering to appear their Equal, when they and you well know, in what relates to Expences, you ought not to be so, nor have you had a Time for it. The lower Part of the World may, perhaps, shew you more Respect for those Marks of Substance; but should a Time come (and who is exempt from Misfor|tunes?) when they must know they were the Effects of unthinking Levity; how despicable must you then appear in their Eyes? And, let me tell you, that the Esteem of Persons of Credit and Understanding, must be gained by very dif|ferent Means, from Shew or Equipage; for with these, Modesty, Prudence, and good Sense only, will ever prevail.

Page  24 Besides, the Expence of the Horse is not the least thing to be considered: It will in time, very probably, lead you into a more dangerous one, that of bestowing too much of your Time in the Use of it. It will unhinge your Mind, as I may say, from Business, and give your Servants Oppor|tunity to be remiss in your Absence. And as you are a young Man, it is fit that you should lay up, by your Industry, against a more advanced Age, when the Exercise a Horse affords, will seem not only more suitable, but perhaps absolutely ne|cessary to your Health; whereas now, it may rather pass for Wantonness and Affectation.

You are not without a tolerable Share of Rea|son; let me prevail with you to use it: Sell your Horse, and fear not being laugh'd at on that Ac|count; for it will be a Credit to you more Ways than one, to say, That your Business would not allow you Time to use it. And it would argue besides, great Perverseness, to continue in an Er|ror, for no other Reason than to support a wrong Judgment at first setting out: And your reducing an unnecessary Expence in good time, will more than recover any good Opinion you may have lost by running into it.

Your prudent Use of this Advice, will, as it must tend to your Good, be a great Satisfaction to

Your tenderly affectionate Father.

Page  25

LETTER XII. Against a sudden Intimacy, or Friendship, with one of a short Acquaintance.

Cousin Tom,

I AM just setting out for Windsor, and have not time to say so much as I would on the Occa|sion upon which I now write to you. I hear that Mr. Douglas and you have lately contracted such an Intimacy, that you are hardly ever asunder; and as I know his Morals are not the best, nor his Circumstances the most happy, I fear he will, if he has not already done it, let you see, that he better knows what he does in seeking your Ac|quaintance, than you do in cultivating his.

I am far from desiring to abridge you in any necessary or innocent Liberty, or to prescribe too much to your Choice of a Friend: Nor am I against your being complaisant to Sirangers; for this Gentleman's Acquaintance is not yet a Month old with you; but you must not think every Man whose Conversation is agreeable, fit to be imme|diately treated as a Friend: Of all Sorts, hastily|contracted Friendships promise the least Duration or Satisfaction; as they most commonly arise from Design on one Side, and Weakness on the other. True Friendship must be the Effect of long and mutual Esteem and Knowledge: It ought to have for its Cement, an Equality of Years, a Similitude of Manners, and, pretty much, a Parity in Circumstance and Degree. But, generally speaking, an Openness to a Stranger carries with it strong Marks of Indiscretion, and not seldom ends in Repentance.

Page  26 For these Reasons, I would be glad you would be upon your Guard, and proceed cautiously in this new Alliance. Mr. Douglas has Vivacity and Humour enough to please any Man of a light Turn; but where I to give my Judgment of him, I should pronounce him fitter for the Tea-table, than the Cabinet. He is smart, but very super|ficial; and treats all serious Subjects with a Con|tempt too natural to bad Minds; and I know more young Men than one, of whose good Opinion he has taken Advantage, and has made them wiser, though at their own Expence, than he found them.

The Caution I here give you, is the pure Effect of my Experience in Life, some Knowledge of your new Associate, and my Affection for you. The Use you make of it will determine, whether you merit this Concern from

Your affectionate Kinsman.

LETTER XIII. A young Man in Business, to a Father, desiring Leave to address his Daughter.


I HOPE the Justness of my Intentions will excuse the Freedom of these few Lines, where|by I am to acquaint you of the great Affection and Esteem I have for your Daughter. I would not, Sir, offer at any indirect Address, that should have the least Appearance of Inconsistency with her Duty to you, and my honourable Views to her; chusing, by your Influence, if I may ap|prove myself to you worthy of that Honour, to Page  27 commend myself to her Approbation. You are not insensible, Sir, by the Credit I have hitherto preserved in the World, of my Ability, by God's Blessing, to make her happy: And this the rather imboldens me to request the Favour of an Even|ing's Conversation with you, at your first Con|venience, when I will more fully explain myself, as I earnestly hope, to your Satisfaction, and take my Encouragement or Discouragement from your own Mouth. I am, Sir, mean time, with great Respect,

Your most obedient humble Servant.

LETTER XIV. To the Daughter (on the Father's Allowance) apprising her of his intended Visit.


I HAVE ventured to make known to your honoured Father, the great Desire I have to be thought worthy of a Relation to him by your Means. And, as he has not discouraged me in the Hopes I have entertained, that I may possibly be not unacceptable to him, and to all your worthy Family, I propose to do myself the Honour of a Visit to you next Monday. Tho' he has been so good as to promise to intro|duce me, and I make no doubt has acquainted you with it; I give you, nevertheless, the Trouble of these Lines, that I might not appear wanting in any outward Demonstration of that inviolable Respect, with which I am, dear Madam,

Your most devoted humble Servant.

Page  28

LETTER XV. From a young Lady to her Father, acquainting him with a Proposal of Marriage made to her.

Nottingham,April 4.

Honoured Sir,

I THINK it my Duty to acquaint you, that a Gentleman of this Town, by Name Derham, and by Business a Linen-draper, has made some Overtures to my Cousin Morgan, in the way of Courtship to me. My Cousin has brought him once or twice into my Company, which he could not well decline doing, because he has Dealings with him; and has an high Opinion of him, and his Circumstances. He has been set up Three Years, and has very good Business, and lives in Credit and Fashion. He is about Twenty-seven Years old, and a likely Man enough: He seems not to want Sense or Manners; and is come of a good Family. He has broke his Mind to me, and boasts how well he can maintain me: But, I assure you, Sir, I have given him no Encouragement; and told him, that I had no Thoughts of changing my Condition, yet a while; and should never think of it but in Obedience to my Parents; and I de|sired him to talk no more on that Subject to me. Yet he resolves to persevere, and pretends extra|ordinary Affection and Esteem. I would not, Sir, by any means, omit to acquaint you with the Be|ginnings of an Affair, that would be want of Duty in me to conceal from you, and shew a Guilt and Disobedience unworthy of the kind Indulgence and Affection you have always shewn to, Sir,

Your most dutiful Daughter.

Page  29

My humble Duty to my honour'd Mother, Love to my Brother and Sister; and Respects to all Friends. Cousin Morgan, and his Wife and Sister desire their kind Respects. I can|not speak enough of their Civility to me.

LETTER XVI. The Father's Answer, on a Supposition that he approves not of the young Man's Addresses.

Northampton,Apr. 10.

Dear Polly,

I HAVE received your Letter dated the 4th Instant, wherein you acquaint me of the Pro|posals made to you, thro' your Cousin Morgan's Recommendation, by one Mr. Derham. I hope, as you assure me, that you have given no Encou|ragement to him: For I by no means approve of him for your Husband. I have inquired of one of his Townsmen, who knows him and his Cir|cumstances very well; and I am neither pleased with them, nor with his Character; and wonder my Cousin would so inconsiderately recommend him to you. Indeed, I doubt not Mr. Morgan's good Intentions; but I insist upon it, that you think nothing of the Matter, if you would oblige

Your indulgent Father.

Your Mother gives her Blessing to you, and joins with me in the above Advice. Your Brother and Sister, and all Friends, send their Love and Respects to you.

Page  30

LETTER XVII. The Father's Answer, on a Supposition that he does not disapprove of the young Man's Ad|dresses.

Northampt.Apr. 10.

My dear Daughter,

IN Answer to yours of the 4th Instant, relating to the Addresses of Mr. Derham, I would have you neither wholly encourage nor discourage his Suit; for if, on Inquiry into his Character and Circumstances, I shall find that they are answer|able to your Cousin's good Opinion of them, and his own Assurances, I know not but his Suit may be worthy of Attention. But, my Dear, consider, that Men are deceitful, and always put the best Side outwards; and it may possibly, on the strict Inquiry, which the Nature and Impor|tance of the Case demands, come out far other|wise than it at present appears. Let me advise you therefore, to act in this Matter with great Pru|dence, and that you make not yourself too cheap; for Men are apt to slight what is too easily obtain|ed. Your Cousin will give him Hope enough, while you don't absolutely deny him; and in the mean time, he may be told, that you are not at your own Disposal; but intirely resolved to abide by my Determination and Direction, in an Affair of this great Importance: And this will put him upon applying to me, who, you need not doubt, will in this Case, as in all others, study your Good; as becomes

Your indulgent Father.

Your Mother gives her Blessing to you, and joins with me in the above Advice. Your Brother and Sister, and all Friends, send their Love and Respects to you.

Page  31

LETTER XVIII. The young Gentleman's Letter to the Father, apprising him of his Affection for his Daugh|ter.

Northampton,April 12.


I TAKE the Liberty, tho' personally unknown to you, to declare the great Value and Affection I have for your worthy Daughter, whom I have had the Honour to see at my good Friend Mr. Morgan's. I should think myself intirely un|worthy of her Favour, and of your Approbation, if I could have a Thought of influencing her Re|solution but in Obedience to your Pleasure; as I should, on such a Supposition, offer an Injury like|wise to that Prudence in herself, which I flatter myself, is not the least of her amiable Perfections. If I might have the Honour of your Countenance, Sir, on this Occasion, I would open myself and Circumstances to you, in that frank and honest manner which should convince you of the Sincerity of my Affection for your Daughter, and at the same time of the Honourableness of my Intentions. In the mean time, I will in general say, That I have been set up in my Business in the Linen|drapery way, upwards of Three Years; that I have a very good Trade for the Time: That I had 1000 l. to begin with, which I have improved to 1500 l. as I am ready to make appear to your Satis|faction: That I am descended of a creditable Fa|mily; have done nothing to stain my Character; and that my Trade is still further improveable, as I shall, I hope, inlarge my Bottom. This, Sir, I thought but honest and fair to acquaint you with, Page  32 that you might know something of a Person, who sues to you for your Countenance, and that of your good Lady, in an Affair that I hope may prove one Day the greatest Happiness of my Life; as it must be, if I can be blessed with that, and your dear Daughter's Approbation. In Hope of which, and the Favour of a Line, I take the Li|berty to subscribe myself, Good Sir,

Your most obedient humble Servant.

LETTER XIX. From the Cousin to the Father and Mother, in Commendation of the young Gentleman.

Northampton,Apr. 12.

Dear Cousins,

I GIVE you both Thanks for so long continu|ing with us the Pleasure of Cousin Polly's Com|pany. She has intirely captivated a worthy Friend of mine, Mr. Derham, a Linen-draper of this Town. And I would have acquainted you with it myself, but that I knew and advised Cousin Polly to write to you about it; for I would not for the world any thing of this sort should be carried on unknown to you, at my House, especially. Mr. Derham has shewn me his Letter to you; and I believe every Tittle of it to be true; and really, if you and my Cousin approve it, as also Cousin Polly, I don't know where she can do better. I am sure I should think so, if I had a Daughter he could love.

Thus much I thought myself obliged to say; and with my kind Love to your other Self, and all my Cousins, as also my Wife's, and Sister's, I remain

Your affectionate Cousin.

Page  33

LETTER XX. From the Father, in Answer to the young Gen|tleman.

Nottingham, April 16.


I HAVE received yours of the 12th, and am obliged to you for the good Opinion you express of my Daughter. But I think she is yet full young to alter her Condition, and imbark in the Cares of a Family. I cannot but say, that the Account you give of yourself, and your Application to me, ra|ther than first to try to engage the Affections of my Daughter, carry a very honourable Appearance, and such as must be to the Advantage of your Cha|racter. As to your Beginning, Sir, that is not to be so much looked upon, as the Improvement; and I doubt not, that you can make good Proof of what you assert on this Occasion. But still I must needs say, that I think, and so does her Mo|ther, that it is too early to incumber her with the Cares of the World; and as I am sure she will do nothing in so important an Affair without our Ad|vice, so I would not, for the world, in a Case so nearly concerning her, and her future Welfare, con|strain her in the least. I intend shortly to send for her home; for she has been longer absent from us, than we intended; and then I shall consult her Inclinations; and you will excuse me to say, for she is my Daughter, and a very good Child, tho' I say it, that I shall then determine myself by that, and by what shall appear to offer most for her Good. In the mean time, Sir, I thank you for the Civility and commendable Openness of yours; and am,

Your humble Servant.

Page  34The Father in this Letter referring pretty much to the Daughter's Choice, the young Gentle|man cannot but construe it as an Encourage|ment to him, to prosecute his Addresses to her; in which he doubles his Diligence, (on the Hint, that she will soon return to Not|tingham) in order to gain a Footing in her good Will; and she, finding her Father and Mother not averse to the Affair, ventures to give him some room to think his Addresses not indifferent to her; but still altogether on Con|dition of her Parents Consent and Approba|tion. By the Time then, that she is recalled home, (nothing disagreeable having appeared in the young Gentleman's Behaviour, and his general Character being consistent with his Pretensions) there may be supposed some De|gree of Familiarity and Confidence to have pass'd between them; and she gives him Hope, that she will receive a Letter from him, tho' she will not promise an Answer; intirely refer|ring to her Duty to her Parents, and their good Pleasure. He attends her on her Jour|ney a good Part of the way, as far as she will permit; and when her Cousin, his Friend, informs him of her safe Arrival at Nottingham, he sends the following Letter.

Page  35

LETTER XXI. From the young Gentleman to his Mistress on her Arrival at her Father's.

I HAVE understood with great Pleasure your safe Arrival at your Father's House; of which I take the Liberty to congratulate your good Parents, as well as your dear Self. I will not, Madam, fill this Letter with the Regret I had to part with you, because I have no Reason nor Merit, at present, to expect that you should be concerned for me on this Score. Yet, Madam, I am not without Hope, from the Sincerity of my Affection for you, and the Honesty of my Intentions, to deserve in time, those Regards which I cannot at present flatter my|self with. As your good Father, in his kind Let|ter to me, assured me, that he should consult your Inclinations, and determine by them, and by what should offer most for your Good; how happy should I be, if I could find my humble Suit not quite indifferent to your dear Self, and not rejected by Him! If what I have already opened to him as to my Circumstances, be not unacceptable, I should humbly hope for Leave to pay you and him a Visit at Nottingham; or if this be too great a Favour, till he has made further Enquiry, that he would be pleased to give himself that Trouble, and put it in my Power, as soon as possible, to con|vince him of the Truth of my Allegations, upon which I desire to stand or fall in my Hopes of your Favour and his. For I think, far different from many in the World, that a Deception in an Affair of this weighty Nature, should be less forgiven than in any other. Since then, dearest Madam, I build Page  36 my Hopes more on the Truth of my Affection for you, and the Honour of my Intentions, than any other Merit, or Pretensions, I hope you will con|descend, if not to become an Advocate for me, which would be too great a Presumption to expect, yet to let your good Parents know, that you have no Aversion to the Person or Address of, dearest Madam,

Your for ever-obliged, and affectionate humble Servant.

My best Respects attend your good Father and Mother, and whole Family.

As this puts the Matter into such a Train, as may render more Writing unnecessary; the next Steps to be taken, being the Inquiry in|to the Truth of the young Man's Assertions, and a Confirmation of his Character; and then the Proposals on the Father's Part of what he will give with his Daughter; all which may be done best by word of Mouth, or Interposition of Friends; so we shall have no Occasion to pursue this Instance of Court|ship further.

LETTER XXII. From a Brother to his Sister in the Country, up|braiding her for being negligent in Writing.

My dear Sister,

I WRITE to you to acquaint you how un|kindly we all take it here, that you do not write oftener to us, in relation to your Health, Diversions, and Employment in the Country. Page  37 You cannot be insensible how much you are beloved by us all; judge then if you do right to omit giving us the only Satisfaction Absence affords to true Friends, which is often to hear from one another. My Mother is highly disobliged with you, and says you are a very idle Girl; my Aunt is of the same Opinion; and I would fain, like a loving Brother, excuse you, if I could. Pray, for the future, take Care to deserve a better Character, and by writing soon, and often, put it in my Power to say what a good Sister I have: For you shall always find me

Your most affectionate Brother.

Due Respects of every one here to my Aunt, and all Friends in the Country.

LETTER XXIII. In Answer to the preceding.

Dear Brother,

MOST kindly, and too justly, do you up|braid me. I own my Fault, and never will be guilty of the like again. I write to beg my Mother's Pardon, and that she will procure for me that of my good Aunt, on Promise of Amend|ment. Continue, my dear Brother, to be an Ad|vocate for me in all my unintended Imperfections, and I will never err voluntarily for the future: That so I may be as worthy as possible of your kind Constructions, and shew myself, what I truly am, and ever will be,

Your most affectionate and obliged Sister.

Page  38

LETTER XXIV. From the Daughter to her Mother, in Excuse for her Neglect.

Honoured Madam,

I AM ashamed I staid to be reminded of my Duty by my Brother's kind Letter. I will offer no Ex|cuse for myself, for not writing oftener, tho' I have been strangely taken up by the Kindness and Fa|vour of your good Friends here, particularly my Aunt Windus: For well do I know, that my Duty to my honoured Mother, ought to take place of all other Considerations. All I beg therefore is, that you will be so good to forgive me, on Promise of Amendment, and to procure Forgiveness also of my Aunt Talbot, and all Friends. Believe me, Madam, when I say, that no Diversions here or elsewhere shall make me forget the Duty I owe to so good a Mother, and such kind Relations; and that I shall ever be

Your gratefully dutiful Daughter.

My Aunt and Cousins desire their kind Love to you, and due Respects to all Friends. Brother John has great Reputation with every one for his kind Letter to me.

LETTER XXV. From a Son-in-Law to his Wife's Father, ac|quainting him with his Wife's Illness.

Honoured Sir,

I AM sorry to acquaint you with the Indispo|sition of your dear Daughter. She was taken ill last Monday of a Fever, and has all the Assist|ance Page  39 that we can procure in these Parts. I hope she is not in Danger. However, I thought it my Duty to let you know it in time, that you may satisfy yourself, that no Care is wanting; and that you may favour us with a personal Visit; which will be a great Consolation to her, who craves, mean time, your Blessing and Prayers; and also to, Sir,

Your dutiful Son.

This may serve, mutatis mutandis, in the like Circumstance for a Daughter to her Hus|band's Father, or Mother, and in several other intimate Relations.

LETTER XXVI. From a Country Chapman beginning Trade, to a City Dealer, offering his Correspondence.

THE Time of my Apprenticeship, with Mr. Dobbins of this Town, being expired, I am just going to begin for myself in Chesterfield, having taken a Shop there for that Purpose. And as I know the Satisfaction you always gave to my Master in your Dealings, I make an Offer to you of my Correspondence, in Expectation that you will use me as well as you have done him, in whatever I may write to you for. And this I the rather ex|pect, as you cannot disoblige Mr. Dobbins by it, be|cause of the Distance I shall be from him; and I shall endeavour to give you equal Content with regard to my Payments, &c. Your speedy Answer, whether or no you are disposed to accept of my Offer, will oblige,

Your humble Servant.

Page  40

LETTER XXVII. In Answer to the foregoing.


I HAVE received yours of October 20. and very chearfully accept the Favour you offer me. I will take Care to serve you in the best manner I am able, and on the same foot with Mr. Dobbins; not doubting you will make as punctual Returns as he does; which intitles him to a more favour|able Usage, than could otherwise be afforded. I wish you Success with all my Heart, and am

Your obliged Servant.

LETTER XXVIII. From a Maid-servant in Town, acquainting her Father and Mother in the Country, with a Pro|posal of Marriage, and asking their Consents.

Honoured Father and Mother,

I Think it my Duty to acquaint you, that I am addressed to for a Change of Condition, by one Mr. John Tanner, who is a Glazier, and lives in the Neighbourhood by us. He is a young Man of a sober Character, and has been set up about two Years, has good Business for his Time, and is well beloved and spoken of by every one. My Friends here think well of it, particularly my Master and Mistress; and, he says, he doubts not, by God's Blessing on his Industry, to main|tain a Family very prettily: And I have fairly told him, how little he has to expect with me. Page  41 But I would not conclude on any thing, how|ever, till I had acquainted you with his Proposals, and asked your Blessings and Consents. For I am, and ever will be,

Your dutiful Daughter.

LETTER XXIX. From the Parents, in Answer to the preceding.

Dear Nanny,

WE have received your dutiful Letter. We can only pray to God to direct and bless you in all your Engagements. Our Distance from you, must make us leave every thing to your own Dis|cretion; and as you are so well satisfied in Mr. Tanner's Character, as well as all Friends, and your Master and Mistress, we give our Blessings and Consents with all our Hearts: We are only sorry we can do no more for you. But let us know when it is done, and we will do some little Matters, as far as we are able, towards House|keeping. Our Respects to Mr. Tanner. Every body joins with us in Wishes for your Happiness; and may God bless you, is all that can be said, by

Your truly loving Father and Mother.

LETTER XXX. From the same, acquainting her Parents with her Marriage.

Honoured Father and Mother,

I Write to acquaint you, that last Thursday I was married to Mr. Tanner, and am to go home to him in a Fortnight. My Master and Page  42 Mistress have been very kind, and have made me a Present towards Housekeeping of Three Guineas. I had saved Twenty Pounds in Service, and that is all. I told him the naked Truth of every thing. And indeed did not intend to marry so soon; but when I had your Letter, and shew'd it him, he would not let me rest till it was done. Pray don't straiten your selves out of Love to me. He joins with me in saying so, and bids me present his Duty to you, and tell you, that he fears not to maintain me very well. I have no Reason to doubt of being very happy. And your Prayers for a Blessing on both our Industry, will, I hope, be a Means to make us more so. We are, and ever shall be, with Respects to all Friends,

Your most dutiful Son and Daughter.

LETTER XXXI. Recommending a Superior Man-Servant.


THE Bearer of this is Mr. John Andrews, whom I mentioned to you last time I saw you; and for whose Integrity and Ability to serve you in the Way you talked of, I dare be answer|able. I take the greater Pleasure in this Recom|mendation, as I doubt not it will be of Service to you both. And am, Sir,

Your most obedient Servant.

Page  43

LETTER XXXII. Recommending a Wet-Nurse.


THE Bearer is Mrs. Newman, whom I recom|mended to you as a Nurse for Master. You will be pleased with her neat Appearance and wholesome Countenance. She lives just above Want, in a pleasant airy Place, and has a very honest diligent Husband, with whom she lives very happily, and the Man is exceedingly fond of Chil|dren, very sober, and good-humour'd; and they have every thing very pretty about them. You will find such Answers to the Questions that shall be put to her, as will please you in every respect that you mentioned to me; and the Woman will not tell an Untruth, or impose upon you. In a word, I know not a more proper Person, and am glad I have this Opportunity to oblige you in so deserved a Re|commendation: For I am, dear Madam,

Your most faithful Servant.

LETTER XXXIII. Recommending a Cook-maid.


YOU desired me to inquire for a Maid, who was qualified to serve you as a Cook. The Bearer lived three Years in her last Place, and went away to her Friends in the Country, on a Fit of Illness, of which she is now perfectly recovered. As she had Page  44 given no Hopes of Return, they had provided them|selves when she offered her Service again. They give her a very good Character, as well for Honesty and Sobriety, as for her orderly Behaviour, and obliging Temper, as also for her good Performance of what she undertakes. I therefore thought you could not wish for a properer Person; and shall be glad it proves so. For I am, Madam,

Your most obedient Servant.

LETTER XXXIV. Recommending a Chamber-maid.


THE Bearer, Jane Adams, is well recommended to me as a diligent, faithful Body, who un|derstands her Needle well; is very neat, and housewifely; and, as you desired, no Gossip or Make-bate, and has had a tolerable Education, being descended from good Friends. I make no doubt of her answering this Character. Of which I will satisfy you farther, when I have the Honour to see you. Till when I remain

Your most obedient humble Servant.

LETTER XXXV. Recommending a Nursery-maid.


THE Bearer, Sarah Williams, is a housewifely genteel Body, who has been used to attend Children, and has a great Tenderness for them. Page  45 She is very careful and watchful over them in all their little pretty ways, and is a very proper Per|son to encourage their good Inclinations, or mildly to check their little Perversenesses, so far as you shall permit her to do the one or the other. She is come of good Friends, who have had Misfortunes; is very honest, and will, I dare say, please you much, if you are not provided; which, I hope, you are not, for both your sakes; for I love the Girl, and am, with great Respect, Madam,

Your obliged humble Servant.

LETTER XXXVI. A Father to a Son, to dissuade him from the Vice of Drinking to Excess.

My dear Son,

IT is with a Grief proportioned to my Love, which is extreme, that I understand you have of late neglected your Studies, and given yourself up to the odious Vice of Drinking: What shall I say, what shall I do, to engage you to quit this pernicious Practice, before it becomes such a Habit, that it will be impossible, or at least very difficult, for you to cast it off? Let me require, let me in|treat you, to give a suitable Attention to what I have to say on this Head, which I shall offer rather as a warm Friend, than an angry Father; and as I address myself to your Reason, I will leave it to yourself to judge of the Truth of the Observations I have to make to you.

In the first place, with respect to Health, the greatest Jewel of this Life, it is the most destructive of all Vices: Asthma's, Vertigoes, Palsies, Apo|plexies,Page  46Gouts, Colicks, Fevers, Dropsies, Con|sumptions, Stone, and Hypochondriack Diseases, are naturally introduced by excessive Drinking.

All the rest of the Vices together, are not so often punished with sudden Death as this one: What fatal Accidents, what Quarrels, what Breaches between Friend and Friend, are owing to it?

Then, in the second Place; How does it de|face Reason, destroy all the tender Impulses of Nature, make a wise Man a Fool, and subject Persons of the brightest Parts to the Contempt of the weakest, and even, in time, extinguish those shining Qualities, which constitute the Difference between a Man of Sense and a Blockhead? For, as a certain very eminent Author well observes, Fools having generally stronger Nerves, and less volatile Spirits, than Men of fine Understandings, that which will rouse the one, will make the other either stupid or frantick; and tho' it sometimes, whi•• the Fit continues, strengthens the Imagination, yet it always depresses the Judgment; and after the Fit is over, both those Faculties languish together, till, in time, it quenches the Imagination, impairs the Memory, and drowns the Judgment.

Most other Vices are compatible, as the same Author observes, with several Virtues; but Drun|kenness runs counter to all the Duties of Life. A great Drinker can hardly be either a good Husband, a good Father, a good Son, a good Brother, or a good Friend: It lays him open to the worst Com+pany, and this Company frequently subjects him to lewd Women, Gaming, Quarrels, Riots, and often Murders. All other Vices, even the greatest of Vices, as Ambition, Unchastity, Bigotry, Avarice, Hypocrisy, detest this unnatural and worse than beastly Vice; for the Beasts themselves, Page  47 even the uncleanest of them, know nothing of it, much less practise it.

Other Vices indeed make Men worse, says this judicious Author; but this alters Men from them|selves, to that degree, that they differ not more from their present Companions, than from their former Selves. A Habitude of it will make the Prudent inconsiderate, the Ambitious indolent, the Active idle, and the Industrious slothful; so that their Affairs are ruin'd for want of Applica|tion, or by being intrusted in the Hands of those, who turn them wholly to their own Advantage, and, in the End, to the Ruin of those who employ them.

I have written a long Letter already: Yet have I still more to say, which, that I may not tire you, I will leave to another Letter; which the next Post shall bring you. And I am, mean time, in hopes this will not lose its proper Effect,

Your most indulgent Father.

LETTER XXXVII. The same Subject pursued.

My dear Son,

BY my former you will see, that hard Drinking is a Vice, that breaks a Man's Rest, impairs the Understanding, extinguishes the Memory, inflames the Passions, debauches the Will, lays the Founda|tion of the worst and most dangerous Distempers, in|capacitates a Person from pursuing his Studies, and from applying to the Duties of his Calling, be it what it will; begets Contempt from the World; and even if a Man's Circumstances were above feeling the Expence, which can hardly be, alters Page  48 and changes the Practiser of it from himself; and if he is not above feeling it, often reduces him to Want and Beggary: And if he has a Family, his Children, who by their Father's Industry and Sobriety might have made a creditable Figure in Life, are left to the Mercy of the World, become the Outcasts of the Earth; possibly Foot-soldiers, Livery-servants, Shoe-cleaners, Link-boys, and, perhaps, Pickpockets, Highwaymen, or Foot+pads; and instead of a comfortable Livelihood, and a Station above Contempt, are intitled only to Shame, Misery, and the Gallows.

And do you judge, my Son, how a Man can answer this Conduct to God, to his Parents and other Relations, to his Wife, to his Children, to himself, and persist in a barbarous and an unnatural Vice, which makes himself not only miserable and contemptible, but transmits the Mischief to his unhappy and innocent Children, if he has any.

Add to all this, That it is a Vice a Man cannot easily master and subdue; or which, like some others, may be cured by Age; but it is a Vice that feeds and nourishes itself by Practice, and grows upon a Man as he lives longer in the World, till at last, if it cuts him not off in the Flower of his Days, his Body expects and requires Liquor: And so, tho' a Man, when he enters upon it, may be single, yet if he ever should marry, it may he attended with all the frightful and de|plorable Consequences I have mentioned, and ruin besides an innocent and perhaps prudent Woman, rendering her, without her own Fault, the joint unhappy Cause of adding to the Number of the miserable and profligate Children, with which the World too much abounds, and which is owing to nothing so much as this detestable Sin in the Parents.

Page  49 Consider all these things, my dear Son, and be|fore it be too late, get the better of a Vice, that you will find difficult to subdue, when it is grown to a Head, and which will otherwise creep upon you every Day more and more, till it shuts up your Life in Misery as to yourself, and Contempt as to the World; and instead of giving Cause even to your nearest and best Friends to remember you with Pleasure, will make it a Kindness in them to forget they ever had in the World, if a Parent, such a Son; if a Tutor, such a Pupil; if a Brother or Sister, such an unhappy near Relation; if a Wife, such a Husband; if a Child, such a Father; and if a Friend, such a wretched one, that cannot be thought of without Pity and Regret, for having shortened his Days, and ruin'd his Affairs, by so pernicious a Habit.

What a Joy, on the contrary, will that noblest of Conquests, over yourself, yield to all those dear Relations! And, in particular, what Pleasure will you give to the aged Heart, and declining Days, of, my dear Child,

Your indulgent and most affectionate Father!

LETTER XXXVIII. From an Apprentice to his Master, begging For|giveness for a great Misdemeanor.

Good Sir,

I AM so asham'd of myself for the last Occasion I have given you to be angry with me, after my repeated Promises of Amendment, that I have not the Courage to speak to you. I therefore take this Method of begging you to forgive what is Page  50 past; and let this Letter testify against me, if ever I wilfully or knowingly offend again for the future. You have Children of your own. They may possibly offend; tho' I hope they never will as I have done. Yet, Sir, would you not wish they might meet with Pardon if they should, rather than Reprobation?—My Making or my Ruin, I am sensible, lies in your Breast. If you will not forgive me, sad will be the Consequence to me, I doubt. If you do, you may save a Soul, as well as a Body from Misery; and I hope, Sir, you will weigh this with your usual Goodness and Con|sideration. What is past I cannot help; but for what is to come, I do promise, if God gives me Health and Power, that my Actions shall testify for me how much I am, good Sir,

Your repentant and obliged Servant.

LETTER XXXIX. The Master's Answer.


YOUR Letter has affected me so much, that I am willing once more to pass over all you have done. Surely I may at last depend on these your solemn Assurances, and, as I hope, deep Contrition. If not, be it as you say, and let your Letter testify against you for your ingrateful Baseness; and for me, in my Readiness (which however shall be the last time) to forgive one that has been so much used to promise, and so little to perform. But I hope for better, because I yet wish you well; be|ing, as you use me,

Yours, or otherwise.

Page  51

LETTER XL. From an Apprentice to his Friends, in Praise of his Master and Family.

Honoured Sir,

I Know it will be a great Satisfaction to you and my dear Mother, to hear that I go on very happily in my Business; and my Master seeing my Diligence, puts me forward, and encourages me in such a manner, that I have great Delight in it, and hope I shall answer in time your good Wishes and Expectations, and the Indulgence which you have always shewn me. There is such good Order in the Family, as well on my Mistress's Part as my Master's, that every Servant, as well as I, knows their Duty, and does it with Pleasure. So much Evenness, Sedateness, and Regularity, is observed in all they injoin and expect, that it is impossible but it should be so. My Master is an honest worthy Man; every body speaks well of him. My Mistress is a chearful sweet-temper'd Woman, and rather heals Breaches than widens them. And the Children, after such Examples, behave to us all, like one's own Brothers and Sisters. Who can but love such a Family? I wish, when it shall please God to put me in such a Station, that I may carry myself just as my Master does; and if I should ever marry, have just such a Wife as my Mistress: And then, by God's Blessing, I shall be as happy as they are; and as you, Sir, and my dear Mother, have always been. If any thing can make me still happier than I am, or continue to 〈◊〉 my present Felicity, it will be the Continuance Page  52 of yours, and my good Mother's Prayers, for, honour'd Sir and Madam,

Your ever dutiful Son.

LETTER XLI. Another from an Apprentice, where the Master is too remiss in his own Affairs.

Honoured Sir and Madam,

YOU desire to know how I go on in my Busi|ness. I must needs say, Very well in the main; for my Master leaves every thing, in a manner, to me. I wish he did not, for his own sake. For tho' I hope he will never suffer on the Account of any wilful Remissness or Negligence, much less want of Fidelity, in me, yet his Affairs do not go on so well as if he was more in them, and less at the Tavern. But it becomes not me to reflect upon my Master, especially as what I may write or say on this Head, will rather expose his Failings, than do him Service; for as it must be his Equals that should reprove him, so all a Servant can observe to others will do more Harm than Good to him. One Thing is at present in my own Power; and that is, to double my Dili|gence, that his Family suffer as little as possible by his Remissness: And another, I hope, by God's Grace, will be; and that is, to avoid in my|self, when my Time comes, those Failings which I see so blameable in him. And as this will be benefiting properly by the Example (for that Bee must be worse than a Drone, that cannot draw Honey from a bitter as well as a sweet Flower) so it will give you the Pleasure of knowing 〈◊〉Page  53 your good Instructions are not thrown away upon me; and that I am, and ever will be,

Your dutiful Son.

LETTER XLII. To a Country Correspondent, modestly requesting a Balance of Accounts between them.


I Find myself constrained by a present Exigence, to beg you to balance the Account between us. Tho' Matters have run into some Length, yet would I not have apply'd to you, had I known so well how to answer my pressing Occasions any other way. If it suits you not to pay the Whole, I beg, Sir, you will remit me as much towards it as you can, without Prejudice to your other Af|fairs, and it will extremely oblige

Your most humble Servant

LETTER XLIII. In Answer to the preceding.


I AM very glad I have it in my Power to send you now directly, One hundred Pounds, on Account between us, which I do by our Carrier, who will pay you in Specie. I will soon remit you the Balance of your whole Demand, and am only sorry, that I gave Occasion for this Applica|tion for what is so justly your Due. When I send you the rest, which will be in a few Days, if I Page  54 am not greatly disappointed, I will accompany it with an Order, which will begin a new Debt; but which I hope to be more punctual in discharging, than I have been in the last. I am, very sincerely,

Your Friend and Servant.

LETTER XLIV. A more pressing and angry Letter from a City Dealer on the same Account.

Mr. Barret,

I AM sorry your ill Usage constrains me to write to you in the most pressing manner. Can you think it is possible to carry on Business after the manner you act by me? You know what Promises you have made me, and how from time to time you have broke them. And can I depend upon any new ones you make? If you use others as you do me, how can you think of carrying on Business? If you do not, what must I think of a Man who deals worse with me, than he does with any body else?—If you think you may trespass more upon me, than you can on others, this is a very bad Com|pliment to my Prudence, or your own Gratitude. For surely good Usage should be intitled to good Usage. I know how to allow for Disappointments as well as any Man; but can a Man be disappoint|ed for ever? Trade is so dependent a thing, you know, that it cannot be carried on without mu|tual Punctuality. Does not the Merchant expect it from me, for those very Goods I send you? And can I make a Return to him, without receiving it from you? What End can it answer to give you Two Years Credit, and then be at an Uncertainty, for Goods which I sell at a small Profit, and have Page  55 not Six Months Credit for myself? Indeed, Sir, this will never do. I must be more punctually used by you, or else must deal as little punctually with others; and what then must be the Conse|quence?—In short, Sir, I expect a handsome Pay|ment by the next Return, and Security for the Remainder; and shall be very loth to take any harsh Methods to procure this Justice to myself, my Family, and my own Creditors. For I am, if it be not your own Fault,

Your faithful Friend and Servant.

LETTER XLV. In Answer to the preceding.


I MUST acknowledge I have not used you well, and can give no better Answer to your just Ex|postulations, than to send you the inclosed Draught for 50 l.

Swastik Electronics, 19, Industrial Area, Faridabad, Complaining about the washing If possible, type the letter using business letter format. . Get Free Sample of Business Complaint Letter; Sample of Complaint Letter for Bad Service . express posted to the company. let the manager know why you want a I am writing this.

5 Wow Customer Service Stories From 5-Star Hotels: Examples Any Business Can Learn From

sample of business letter expressing heart and desire to change a bad neighborhood


You are just out of college and you saw a job advertisement for a job you really like, so you submitted your resume and cover letter – just as the job ad said you should do.

However, weeks have passed by and you have not heard anything back from the employer. The reason for this may be that your cover letter did not capture the attention of the employer so that he or she wants to continue reading and getting to know more about you.

The first thing you want to do is to get your potential employer impressed, not annoyed. In fact, you want to be able to give an awesome first impression of yourself – such that they cannot reject your job application.

So what is the first thing you should do to achieve this? You should amaze them with your well-written job-winning cover letter.


Firstly, what is a cover letter?

It is a letter or written communication that serves to introduce an accompanying document or introduces a resume or curriculum vitae (CV). A cover letter helps to show why you are the best person for the job description and how you will be a great addition to the company.

It also shows your capability to communicate your career objectives efficiently and to support your resume career summary.

When it comes to preparing a cover letter as a part of a job application, many job seekers are filled with anxiety about experimenting with their cover letters.

They are usually under the pressure to please the hiring manager, and it that pursuit they forget to show their personality in their job applications documentation.

This is the major reason why their application would look lifeless and will not differentiate this applicant from other applicants. You should let your personality be seen clearly through the cover letter so you stand out from your competition applying for the same position.

After several weeks or months of you searching for the perfect job and you have found it and now it is your turn to impress the employers with your cover letter so you land and stand out in a job interview, so you get the job offer.

A cover letter is the most effective way for you to introduce to the hiring or resource manager who you are, the things you have to offer, why you want the job and why you are the one to be offered the position—but you have a very limited period of time to do all of these things.

Therefore, if you really want to attract the reader or employer’s attention, you have to start right.


Opening lines of cover letters are usually not very specific, but they do not need to be. Abby Locke, a speaker, writer, and president of Washington DC-based Premier Writing Solutions says “Most cover letters usually begin with lines like, ‘In response to your job advertisement, I’m forwarding my resume for your review and consideration’”.

You should endeavor to make a very strong first impression by writing something spectacular and different – something that will clearly express the value you are offering.

You can attract the attention of the reader of your cover letter by:

  • emphasizing your accomplishments
  • expressing the reasons why you are interested in the job
  • stating the mission of the employer, and
  • showing how your strongest skills can contribute to the achievement of that mission.

Abby Locke suggests that the road to writing a good cover letter is to start with writing a list of the best three ways you would make an impacton the organization.

You should be able to ask yourself and answer questions such as “What core competencies would enable me to surpass the norm in the position I am targeting?”. Locke also emphasized on you answering how the employer would gain from hiring you.

The ability to convey all these details in just a few lines seems impossible. The start of the cover letter should be very catchy, but not overselling especially if you are a student or graduate who has not even a year of experience for reference.

You should ensure that your cover letter should be professional, but not boring – but be careful, as the borderline between those extremes is usually very blurry.

It is an awesome idea to have several examples of cover letters you can look through to serve as a source of inspiration when you are desperate for one.

Towards the end of this article, there will be few ideas on how to write killer opening lines for your cover letter; but firstly, let us see the top 10 opening lines that are straight up killing your cover letter


1. “Dear Sir/Madam”, “To whom it may concern” or “Dear recruiter”

It is almost criminal to use a non-specific salutation to address your cover letter as you are admitting that you have not done your research and you do not know who and where are you applying for a job.

Doing this also suggests that you are using a generic template and that you are sending the same cover letter to every employer you apply to for a job.

Do not get me wrong – templates save time and you should use them for that reason as long as you rework it for the each specific employer.

2. “My name is…”

Your name is on your resume, your application form (if you had to complete one to apply for the job) and on your envelope/email which you used to submit your job application.

It is also in your signature at the bottom of your cover letter so why waste valuable space to state your name once again at the beginning of it?

Give credit to the hiring manager/recruiter for being able to figureout your name before starting to read your cover letter and instead, use these potentially only a few seconds you have to leave a mark on the reader by stating something that will convince them to start a conversation with you.

3. “I am writing to express my interest in/for…”

Of course, you are writing to express your interest in the advertised vacancy – otherwise, you would not be writing at all.

Do not state the obvious and move on to saying why you are applying for the specific position and why are you excited by the prospect of getting it.

4. “I have enclosed for your consideration my resume…”

Similarly to the above, when submitting a cover letter as a part of a job application by default you do that to accompany your resume.

The recruiter or the hiring manager will see your resume when they open your application, so again – there is no need to waste their time and space in the letter to state the obvious.

5. “My qualifications for this job are…”

Your resume will list all your qualifications in details, but can mention them in brief in your cover letter too but not at the very beginning.

The start of the letter should grab the reader’s attention and many of the other applicants for the same job will probably share your qualifications, so that will not make you distinct in the eyes of the recruiter.

You can do better when it comes to the opening line of your cover letter – keep reading for tips how you can achieve that.

6. “My first job was [X], my second job was [X], my third job was…”

Well, like this you have re-written your CV into your cover letter! Having your resume in two different places is not the way to sell yourself.

Your cover letter is an opportunity for you to expand and add detail to the experiences and skills you have listed in your CV, as well as to prove to the potential employer that you are the best choice among the other applicants, so use it well!

7. “I am probably not the best candidate, but…”

Oh, boy (imagine the reader facepalm as soon as they read this)! If you don’t believe in yourself and that you are the best candidate for the job, why would the recruiter?

It is good to be modest and not come across as arrogant narcissist when writing your cover letter, but it is not good to set yourself for failure.

Starting your cover letter with this sentence will give reasons to the recruiter to reject your application right off the bat.

8. “This job will be the perfect opportunity to develop my skills”

Big NO-NO! Telling your potential employer that you need this job because it will allow you to learn new or improve existing skills is a rookie mistake. Employers pay you for bringing your skills to their workplace – they are not a training school.

Employers also know that a good employee will not be static at the new workplace, they will pick-up new skills and further develop their current skills but this should not be the main reason why you are applying for a given position.

Instead, you should convince the reader in the first sentence that they should hire you because of the skills, abilities, attitudes, experience, and qualifications you bring to the table.

9. “My mum/friend/family told me to apply for this job”

Even if this was really the case, there is no need for the world to know this, especially not your future employer.

No company wants employees who are not passionate about their work and their industry, as they know these employees have short career span.

They will leave the company as soon as another opportunity closely matching their interests appears.

So, do not start your cover letter with an information about who suggested you apply for the vacancy – ideally, this idea should have come out of your desire to work in that particular industry/company.

10. “Thank you in advance for taking the time to read my application”

Ok, you are polite – we get it. However, you will have your chance to thank the reader for their time reading your application at the end of the cover letter (once they have actually read it).

Again – do not waste very limited space at the begging of your cover letter to say something that can be said somewhere else in the letter.

Be smarter about how you use your cover letter “real-estate” as it will be either a very good or a very bad investment you will make for your future.


Now that we have seen what opening lines NOT to write, let us review few examples of good opening lines and few pieces of adviceon how to write the opening lines in cover letters that can help you bag the job that interests you.

Use Powerful Words

As an expert in the field of financial planning, I have given financial advice for the executions of projects of different kinds both at large and small scale”.

Using powerful words to describe yourself grabs the attention of the reader to your cover letter. Display of confidence in abilities is better than false humility.

The job that you are applying for is requiring a certain amount of self-confidence and abilities and you need to have the experience to back up your claims.

Some other examples of opening lines following this rule are:

  • The position advertised by you sounds like a great match with the qualifications and skills that I have been able to acquire during [Here mention the relevant study program or job employment]…
  • Financial analysis, project management, and research are my passions and areas of expertise. Not only are these my passions, but also I believe these skills are the foundation for any project management professional. As an analytical financial manager, I excel at extracting data to understand where the company’ focus should be.
  • As an experienced financial manager and former business owner, I know firsthand how challenging it can be to remain current with the fluctuations in the value of currency and inflation in the investment portfolio market without breaking the budget.
  • As an event planner for ABC Company, I ensure seamless communication and marketing between all involved parties. By implementing new social media marketing tactics in the past year, I have doubled the attendance at all events organized by the company.

Kill The Competition

While soldiers are eager to battle, strategists win the war. I am an artful strategist of my profession, different from my co-applicants in the following ways…

You should be able to differentiate yourself from your competition. Ensure you use your most relevant accomplishment stories to explain your value to the company.

Other examples of this are:

  • “Unlike many other project cost managers, I ensure all parties know who is responsible for what, and when each part is due. I do this using my own system that I have used for 20+ years because it works. At any time, I can see the status of all activities. This ensures every project execution is on time and on a budget, plus we clearly see when we’ve succeeded, and what needs to be developed next time.”
  • “After spending five years managing the internal finances for a 2,000-person company, I could plan a quarterly town hall project budget or draft an inter-office budget in my sleep. What do I want to do next? Put that experience to work consulting executives on their financial strategy.”

Introduce The Leader In You

I coordinated the Annual Youth Science Expo which occurred for 340 hours, 30 volunteers in the course of five weeks.”

Show that you can be involved in leadership or management. Breaking down the details allows the employers to understand your accomplishments.

Some examples of opening lines are:

  • “Through my years of experience in PR, I have established my skills and strength in social media, media networking and leading a group of team members. It is the combination of these skills that make me the best candidate for the PR Manager position.”
  • “I am so happy your company needs a social media coordinator skilled at With my track record of boosting social networking by 55% increase in the number of followers through teamwork and creative leadership, I believe that I’m a great fit.

Kick-Off With Excitement

I have been excited since I discovered the opening in project management with your company…

Employers are attracted by those who seem to show excitement towards the job as this shows dedication.

Other examples of similar opening lines are:

  • “I was excited to find an opening in HR with ABC Company because your work with XYZ Company has been important to me for a long time. I am the best candidate for this position because it combines my experience with HR and XYZ Company.”
  • “As a long-time fan of ABC Company’s certifications, I was thrilled to see your vacancy. With my experience cutting costs 48% for XYZ Company while dropping lead times by nearly 20% and boosting quality, I believe I can be of help with ABC Company current market challenges as I continue to expand my personal skill set.”

Quote The Trail Blazers

Accountability enables responsibility.” – J.K Rowling. As a manager who has gathered experiences over the years, I sincerely believe that the key to success in any work environment is accountability.”

Have your work ethic described with a quote. Quotes tend to add more worth to your cover letter.

Another example of how the use of quotes works effectively when you are applying for a job position is the following:

  • “As sociologist John Hudson has observed: ‘A billion hours ago, modern homo sapiens emerged. A billion minutes ago, Christianity began. A billion seconds ago, the IBM PC was released. A billion Google searches ago… was this morning.’ I have chosen this quote as an introduction to my application as a social networkmanager because…”

Use The Culture-Field-Skill (The Bridge) Formula

Born in Korea, studied in Canada and worked in China; my blend of cultures and Asian background may just be unprecedented! I am…

This opening line is usually used when the job demands a bridge between fields, countries or cultures.

This also can be found in the following example:

  • “Having finished my education in international relations and business, I’m interested in the opportunity to combine my passion for exploring cultures with my professional career. Your advertisement for the position as business development manager for the French market, therefore, appears very intriguing to me…”  

Show Your Expertise

Two of my best aspects of expertise are financial analysis and time management. In my years of experience in coordinating teams and meetings, I have been able to put these into full use…

The right keywords will make sure your cover letter is read. Illustrate your passions, dreams, and goals and use these to meet their needs.

  • “ABC Company’s marketing assistant opening is an excellent match to my qualifications. As a recent graduate of X University with a major in marketing and business, I offer solid academic credentials as well as industry experience gained from an internship at XYZ Company. If given the chance, I know that my strong business and marketing foundation would benefit your department, customers, and the company’s bottom line.”

Name Your Referrer

In my recent conversation with your financial manager XY, I was informed about the opening in your Accounting Department and thus was suggested to apply for the job of

You named your referrer to provide the employer with a point of reference to go from. The employers will be interested to find out why your referrer thought you would be a good fit for the job – like in this example:

  • “John Smith, your financial manager, suggested that I apply for this position because he knows firstly, that software solutions achieved 78% performance-to-goals at XYZ Company, and secondly – that you are looking for a software developer with efficiency and efficacy, which my CV shows.”

Display Knowledge About The Company

Recently, your company was highlighted in the XXX Newspaper because of your partnership work with “Company ABC” whose work I follow…

Stating your knowledge about the company and their recent events can be a real turn-on. You can start your cover letter stating your knowledge of what they do and why you know so much about them.

Some examples of cover letter opening lines of this kind are:

  • “I recently read that your company is #2 on X Magazine’s list of top companies to work for in 2017 in this state.”
  • “I read with great passion the article in X Magazine announcing the upcoming launch of your company’s branch in my area. Congratulations on this new venture and it’s impressive $20 million in pre-launch sales!”

The Impact Making Man

When I learned that the ABS Company was recruiting new staff members, Istrongly felt that I had to apply. I have always been anticipating finding a company where I can make an impact.”

You should speak as if you are already hired by the organization.

Another example of opening lines such as this is:

  • “When I discovered that ABC Company was hiring, I knew I had to apply. I’ve desired to find a company where I feel like I can make an impact even while working as…”


Creativity can bring you the job. Keep the cover letter simple and well detailed.

The first few sentences in cover letters have a loaded task – they are to attract the attention of a recruiter who has already reviewed many applications.

Then they need to convince a hiring manager to go deeper into your background to find out whether your skills and personality match the position they need to fill or whether you would be a benefit to the organization or not. It is your cover letter, it is your opening line, and it may be your ticket to that dream job.

Do not underestimate it.

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student included all the points required by the letter? Read the note If you want special meal on your last night at Athens, I sugest you go give examples to illustrate what you are saying. to express the idea. 1 and bad about this job? . change and went out of business. This has led to many high street music stores.

sample of business letter expressing heart and desire to change a bad neighborhood
Written by Nikot
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