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Action verb meaning

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Action verb meaning
October 10, 2018 Wedding Anniversary Wishes 3 comments

An action verb is a verb that expresses physical or mental action. The action verb tells us what the subject of our clause or sentence is doing-physically or.

Definition

When we run, jump, guess or remember, we are performing an action. Some of these actions are done with our bodies, like running or jumping, and some are done with our minds, like guessing or remembering.

To write or talk about actions, we use action verbs. An action verb is a type of verb that describes physical or mental actions. Every sentence has a subject - the person, place, thing, or idea a sentence is about - and action verbs let you know what the subject of a sentence is doing.

Can you DO that?

To find an action verb in a sentence, look for a word that describes an action someone or something can do with their body or mind. Ask yourself, ''what could I do?''

Find the action verb in this sentence:

  • Before bedtime, Sarah worked hard on her math homework.

Are 'before' or 'bedtime' things you can do? Can you 'math' or 'homework?' What about 'work?' Can you work? Of course, you can work, so worked is the action verb in this sentence.

All you have to do to find the action verb in a sentence is ask yourself could a person, animal or object do this.

Dinners Ready: Example 1

If I wanted to describe this picture in one sentence, I might write:

  • The family is eating dinner at the dining room table.

The picture and my sentence are all about the family, so they are the subject. To find the action verb in this sentence, we have to identify the word that tells us what the family is doing. 'Eating' is the word that describes the physical action the family is performing, so it is the action verb.

Think About It: Example 2

Should you wear a raincoat or pack an umbrella when you leave the house tomorrow? To decide, you might ask a friend:

  • Do you think it will rain today?

There is an action verb in that question.

Which word in the question is an action? 'Think' is an action you do with your mind, so it is the action verb.

Remember that action verbs not only describe physical actions but also mental actions.

Double Trouble: Example 3

Can you walk and talk at the same time? Just like we can perform more than one action at a time, sentences can have more than one action verb.

  • The squirrel ran up the tree and jumped from branch to branch.

Which words in this sentence describe actions the squirrel can perform? Can it 'tree?' Can it 'up?' None of these words describe things the squirrel can do, but it can 'jump' or 'run.' So, the action verbs in this sentence are 'ran' and 'jumped.' These are the only two words in the whole sentence that describe things the squirrel can actually do.

Lesson Summary

An action verb is a type of verb that describes physical or mental actions. Action verbs let you know what the subject of a sentence is doing.

Physical Verbs – Definition and Examples. Physical verbs are action verbs. They describe specific physical actions. If you can create a motion with your body or.

Action Verbs

action verb meaning

                            

VERBS

Verbs have traditionally been defined as words that show action or state of being.

           

            

Verbs can also sometimes be recognized by their position in a sentence.

In the following two sentence frames, only a verb can be put into the empty slot.

            NOUN __________                            THERE ________ NOUN

                            (verb)                                                        (verb) 

         

Often, prefixes and suffixes (affixes)  will signify that a word is a verb.  For example, the suffixes-ify, -ize, -ate, or -en usually signify that a word is a verb, as in typify, characterize, irrigate, and sweeten.  Prefixes such as be-, de-, or en-  may signify that a word is a verb, as in bestow,dethrone, and encourage.  

These affixes, often inconsistent from verb to verb, are called derivational affixes. Added to a word, they either change the word's part of speech

     Example: 

      

 

or change the word's meaning

     Example: 

 

The base form of a verb is derived from the verb’s infinitiveto  +  verb

               

          

Four suffixes consistently added to a verb’s base create all forms of a verb used in all tenses:

1. -s          creates 3rd person singular / present tense  (He talks.)

2. -ing       creates the present participle / used with be (He is talking.)

3. -ed        creates the simple past  (He talked.)

4. -en        creates the past participle / used with have  (He has talked.)

Note:

The -en verb ending used with a form of to have as an auxiliary is generally written -ed, as in has talked.

      

Unlike the derivational affixes, these inflectional suffixes are consistently used with all verbs, even though their form may look different from verb to verb.

Because many verbs in English are irregular; as result, their ed and/or –en  endings may not follow any obvious pattern.

 

Examples:

(to write)

Smith writes short stories at home. (-s ending)

Smith is writing short stories at home. (-ing ending)

Smith wrote short stories at home. (-ed ending)

Smith has writtenshort stories at home. (-en ending)

*

(to buy)

Jones buys a newspaper each day.  (-s ending)

Jones is buying a newspaper today.  (-ing ending)

Jones bought a newspaper yesterday. (-ed ending)

Jones has bought newspapers every day.  (-en ending)

*

(to go)

Students go to the library often. (-s ending)

Students are going to the library often. (-ing ending)

Students went to the library often. (-ed ending)

Students have gone to the library often. (-en ending)

    

      

The majority of verbs are regular and consistently use -ed and -en to form their simple past tense and past participles. (e.g. talked, has talked)

    

Many verbs are irregular, however, and follow no consistent pattern in creating their -ed and/or -enforms.  A list of the major irregular verbs is shown below.

 

Present

Past (-ed form)

Past Participle (-en form)

arise

arose

arisen

ask

asked 

asked

attack

attacked

attacked

awaken

awakened OR awoke

awakened

bear

bore

borne/born

begin

began

begun

blow

blew

blown

break

broke

broken

bring

brought

brought

burst

burst

burst

choose

chose

chosen

cling

clung

clung

come

came

come

dive

dived OR dove

dived

do

did

done

drag

dragged

dragged

draw

drew

drawn

drink

drank

drunk

drive

drove

driven

drown

drowned

drowned

eat 

ate

eaten

fall

fell

fallen

fly

flew

flown

forgive

forgave

forgiven

freeze

froze

frozen

get

got

got OR gotten

give

gave

given

go 

went

gone

grow

grew

grown

hang (things)

hung

hung

hang (people)

hanged

hanged

happen

happened

happened

know

knew

known

lay

laid

laid

lead

led

led

lie

lay

lain

loosen

loosened

loosened

lose

lost

lost

pay

paid

paid

ride

rode

ridden

ring

rang

rung

rise

rose

risen

run

ran

run

see

saw

seen

set

set

set

shake

shook

shaken

shrink

shrank OR shrunk

shrunk OR shrunken

sing

sang

sung

sink

sank OR sunk

sunk

sit

sat

sat

speak

spoke

spoken

spin

spun

spun

spit

spat

spat

spring

sprang OR sprung

sprung

steal

stole

stolen

sting

stung

stung

stink

stank OR stunk

stunk

strive

strove

striven 

study

studied

studied

swear

swore

sworn

swim

swam

swum

swing

swung

swung

take

took

taken

tear

tore

torn

throw

threw

thrown

wake

woke OR waked

woken OR waked

wear

wore

worn

weave

wove

woven

wring

wrung

wrung

write

wrote

written

    

A verb phrase is defined as the main verb together with all its auxiliaries (helping verbs).

Auxiliary verbs always precede the main verb.

There are two types of auxiliary verbs:

1. Inflected auxiliary verbs: 

2. Modal auxiliaries (considered more fully under (auxiliary verbs)

present

pastno tense

will

would

must

shall

should

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Action Verbs Worksheets, Examples & Definition

action verb meaning

2014ThesesDoctoral

Neural Correlates of Embodiment in Action Verb Meaning: Entrenched Versus Translated Forms

Kim, Sungbong

The purpose of the present study is to test whether symbol grounding for action verbs occurs in entrenched native verb forms, and whether they transfer to novel verb forms that are acquired as explicit translations of existing verbs. The entrenched and novel verbs were referred to here as L1 verbs and L2 verbs respectively, and were used as analogs of meanings in first and second language learning. Symbolic grounding was investigated by observing behavioral data in lexical decision tasks, and scalp electrophysiological signals using 128-channel EEG data.
The present study used different kinds of action verbs (e.g., verbs of foot movement, such as kick or jump, and verbs of hand movement, such as swipe or grab) and abstract verbs, such as learn or plan. Previous researchers have provided empirical evidence showing that when action verbs are accessed in reading, there is concomitant activation of primary motor and/or somatosensory cortex. The established relationships of action verbs in L1 and their sensorimotor groundings as a reference were used to determine successful transfer of groundings of L1 words to L2 words. By observing the responses to the L2 words that are acquired through symbolic manipulation without perceptual or bodily experiences and examining, it can be determined if they produce similar neural activations as in those found in L1 words, and we can test whether the symbol-grounding-transfer occurs in part or in whole, given this minimal learning context.
The behavioral measure was a lexical decision task where the participants respond to meaningful words (foot-related verbs or hand-related verbs) with two kinds of response modalities (button press with a finger or foot pedal press with a foot). Although either facilitation (foot verb to foot movement and hand verb to hand movement) or interference (Foot verb to hand movement and hand verb to foot movement) effect of action verbs was expected, the results showed that the participants consistently responded faster to the L1 English verbs than to the L2 verbs and responded faster with finger-pressing button box than foot-pressing pedal. However, at the slowest response times condition, the condition of foot-pedal pressing to L2 words, the facilitation effect of Foot related verbs was observed. The response times of foot pedal pressing to L2 Foot-related verbs were significantly faster than both L2 Hand-related verbs (p=.003) and abstract verbs (p=.005) at the paired t-test. This result is consistent with the research hypothesis and provides partial evidence supporting the assumption that the Foot-related action verbs have close link with sensorimotor cortex associated with foot movement and reading those verbs will facilitate corresponding body movement.
The three kinds of EEG data analysis methods were used in the current study: Event Related Potential (ERP) component analysis, EEG topographic analysis, and EEG source localization with low resolution brain electromagnetic tomography (LORETA). The ERP components were used to examine the effect of language (L1 vs. L2) and lexicality (Word vs. Non-word) in terms of amplitudes and temporal points of ERP components. The EEG topographic analysis and EEG source localization with LORETA are methods for spatiotemporal analysis, which provide information on intracranial neural activations that are sources of scalp electric signals.
When ERP components of the montaged electrodes placed on the central area of the scalp (vertex and neighboring 14 electrodes) were examined, the P3 component for L1 (at around 390~400ms) reached its peak earlier that that of L2 (495~505ms). Topographic analysis results that compared topographic maps created by different verb groups provided evidence that different configurations of the neuronal activations were created by the verb groups representing body movements of different body parts. In addition, by means of the source localization analysis with the LORETA, the differential neural activations at sensorimotor cortex were observed when the brain activations elicited by L1 Foot related and Hand related verbs were compared. At both temporal windows, early (126~134ms) and late (318~322ms), the regions of the sensorimotor cortex associated with Hand movement were activated significantly more by the Hand related verbs than Foot related verbs. In order to test Harnad's symbol grounding transfer hypothesis, the neural activations at the sensorimotor cortex elicited by L2 Foot verbs and the L2 Hand verbs were examined in comparison with those of the abstract verbs. Significant larger activations were elicited by both of the action verbs over the abstract verbs. To summarize, the current study provided the neurophysiological evidence on the symbol grounding at L1 word and the symbol grounding transfer at L2 words by exhibiting links between the regions of sensorimotor cortex and L1 and L2 action verbs in terms of differential neural activations elicited by the verb groups.

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More About This Work

Academic Units
Biobehavioral Sciences
Thesis Advisors
Gordon, Peter
Degree
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
July 7, 2014

As you can see from that definition, there are two main categories of verbs: action verbs and state of being verbs (also known as linking verbs). Because action.

Action Verb

action verb meaning

Definition of Action Verb

We can define it as, “An action verb is a verb that expresses physical or mental action. The action verb tells us what the subject of our clause or sentence is doing-physically or mentally”.

OR,

“A word belonging to the parts of speech, that is the center of the predicate, which describes an act or activity”.

What is Action Verb

Action verbs are verbs expressing or describing action in the sentence such as run, walk, do, smile, drive, jump, cough, drink, kick, eat, break, cry, think, etc. They are used in the sentence to specifically describe what the subject of the sentence is doing. It carries important information in a sentence which can convey emotion, sense of purpose, etc. The effect of action verbs lies in their true meaning and intention of expressing action in the sentence. It is very necessary to understand the use of action verbs in the sentence very well to be a good writer and communicator.

Action verbs alone can make one word sentence (such as, Stop!) but nouns, adjectives, adverbs, or any other parts of speech cannot make a one word sentence. Identifying the action verbs in the sentence is really pretty easy. Such as:

  • I’ll do my homework when I get home. (action verbs are ‘do and get’)

Without action verbs, we cannot make a sentence as they are required to show some kind of action like what a person, animal, or object can do. They are named as so according to their purpose in the sentence.

List of Action Verbs

Any word expressing the action of person, animal or object becomes the action verb. Some of the action verbs are:

Accelerate, eat, go, do, jump, dance, accomplish, achieve, acquire, activate, adapt, adjust, administer, advise, allocate, analyze, apply, arrange, assign, attain, change, collect, communicate, construct, deliver, demonstrate, derive, design, develop, educate, effect, estimate, evaluate, examine, exchange, run, walk, smile, cough, drink, kick, break, cry, think, etc.

Examples of Action Verbs/Use of Action Verbs in the Sentence

Following are some examples showing the use of action verbs in the sentence:

  • Seema talks at inappropriate times. (Talking is action which Seema can do.)
  • It is raining outside. (Raining is something done by the nature.)
  • Jennifer watched the movie on TV (Watching is something that Jennifer can do.)
  • The fireworks exploded in the mine. (Exploding is something that fireworks can do.)
  • The water is boiling for last ten minutes. (Boiling is something that water can do.)
  • Farmers start working before the sunrise. (Working is something that farmer can do.)

Types of Action Verb

Some of the action verbs are used with direct object however some do not need direct object. On the basis of use of action verbs and their meaning in the sentence, action verbs are divided into two types such as:

  • Transitive Verb
  • Intransitive Verb

Transitive Verb

Transitive verbs are those verbs that always need a direct object.

List of Transitive Verbs

Owe, buy, show, tell, check, get, wash, annoy, lay, lend, offer, make, phone, contain, verify, finalize, edit, send, bring, take, etc.

For example:

  • Mohan annoys his mother so much. (Mother is the direct object of word annoys.)
  • She brings my lunch every day. (‘my’ is the direct object of brings.)

Intransitive Verb

Intransitive verbs are those verbs that do not need a direct object. Generally, they are followed by adjective, preposition, verb complement or adverb.

List of Intransitive Verbs

Swim, come, go, laugh, sit, rise, excel, run, cough, smile, act, cry, immigrate, lie, continue, die, explode, respond, emigrate, arrive, etc.

For example:

  • If she does not continue her work, the boss will fire her. (Continue is followed by no direct object.)
  • The bomb exploded in the Delhi Mall.

Some of the verbs are used as both transitive and intransitive, depending on their meanings. Such as:

  • Peon set papers down on the desk. (Transitive: ‘papers’ are the direct object to the verb ‘set’.)
  • The sun set low over an ocean. (Intransitive: ‘set’ doesn’t need a direct object and followed an adverb ‘low’.)
  • He manages the zoology department. (Transitive: ‘zoology’ department is the direct object of verb ‘manage’.)
  • She faced difficulty in managing family since his wife’s death. (Intransitive: ‘since’ is a preposition of time ‘managing’ doesn’t need a direct object.)

List of Common Action Verbs

Both, transitive and intransitive verbs can be used in any tense. Here are some verbs that can be used as both, transitive and intransitive depending on their meanings:

Write, set, leave, improve, sit, grow, smell, pay, dance, teach, eat, drive, manage, stop, run, burn, check, cost, go, give, sing, paint, climb, study, etc.

Rules/Tips to be Followed while using Action Verbs

Following are some rules and tips which we should remember while using action verbs in the sentence:

Action verbs can be physical or mental actions of the person, thing or object. Action verbs can use present tense, past tense, or future tense. Such as:

  • The snake runs faster than humans. (use of present tense)
  • The snake ran through the rocks. (use of past tense)
  • A lion will run down its prey. (use of future tense)

Action verbs can also use helping verbs, such as:

  • If you don’t notice your way, you will walk on the rocks.

Action Verb Exercises

1: Action Verb Exercises for you

Action verb exercises given below will help you in analyzing your knowledge about action verb. Just go through all the details given above about the action verb and check your skill by doing following exercises for action verb. We have used action verbs in the following sentences; you need to check your skill by identifying action verbs in each sentence:

  1. Painters have been painting for hours.
  2. She always gives money to the charity.
  3. Have you send all the proposals.
  4. Have you edit contents carefully.
  5. That perfume smells really bad.
  6. My new car costs me a lot.
  7. He owned a new car.
  8. Many people emigrated from India and Pakistan in 1947.
  9. He was waiting for last two hours.
  10. Are you sure you gave him all the books.
  11. Please send all the documents to the office.
  12. He giggles inappropriately in the library.
  13. He likes to drink a glass of iced tea.
  14. I watched a pretty woman in bikini at the beach.
  15. The squirrel climbs very fast on the tree.
  16. My alarm clock buzzed at right time.
  17. He vomited on the kitchen counter.

Answers: 1 – painting, 2 – gives, 3 – send, 4 – edit, 5 – smells, 6 – costs, 7 – owned, 8 – emigrated, 9 – waiting, 10 – gave, 11 – send, 12 – giggles, 13 – drink, 14 – watched, 15 – climbs, 16 – buzzed, 17 – vomited

2: Action Verb Exercises for You

Here are some more exercises on action verb for you. You need to find out whether given sentences have transitive verb or intransitive verb:

  1. I baked some pastries.
  2. I rode the motorbike.
  3. I moved the table.
  4. I stitched a bed sheet.
  5. I smiled.
  6. I laughed.
  7. I slept.
  8. He died.
  9. The horse won.
  10. The sun rise.
  11. She was reading all day long.
  12. I showed her marriage album.
  13. The doctor advised me to walk regularly.
  14. It was storming at that time.
  15. She laughed loudly at funny joke.
  16. I gave cookies to him.
  17. They slept in the street.
  18. I ate the mangoes.
  19. My sister does not drink black tea.
  20. I always carry my lunch in a bag.
  21. Heat expands metal.
  22. Metal expands on high heat.
  23. I stopped the bicycle.
  24. Bicycle stopped abruptly.
  25. He spoke the truth.
  26. I spoke loudly.
  27. I am flying the kite.
  28. Aeroplane is flying in the sky.
  29. I sank the paper boat.
  30. Paper boat sank suddenly.

Answers: 1 – transitive, 2 – transitive, 3 – transitive, 4 – transitive, 5 – intransitive, 6 – Intransitive, 7 – Intransitive, 8 – intransitive, 9 – intransitive, 10 – intransitive, 11 – Intransitive, 12 – Transitive, 13 – Transitive, 14 – Intransitive, 15 – Intransitive, 16 – Transitive, 17 – Intransitive, 18 – Transitive, 19 – transitive, 20 – Transitive, 21 – Transitive, 22 – Intransitive, 23 – Transitive, 24 – Intransitive, 25 – Transitive, 26 – Intransitive, 27 – Transitive, 28 – Intransitive, 29 – Transitive, 30 – Intransitive

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Archana Singh

An Entrepreneur (Director, White Planet Technologies Pvt. Ltd.). Masters in Computer Application and Business Administration. A passionate writer, writing content for many years and regularly writing for Teachingbanyan.com and other Popular web portals. Always believe in hard work, where I am today is just because of Hard Work and Passion to My work. I enjoy being busy all the time and respect a person who is disciplined and have respect for others.

An action verb, as you may have guessed, is a verb that expresses an action. Any verb that describes what someone or something does is an action verb.

action verb meaning
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